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In Brassica, two self-incompatibility genes, encoding SLG (S locus glycoprotein) and SRK (S-receptor kinase), are located at the S locus and expressed in the stigma. Recent molecular analysis has revealed that the S locus is highly polymorphic and contains several genes, i.e., SLG, SRK, the as-yet-unidentified pollen S gene(s), and other linked genes. In(More)
A parallel neural network has been proposed for processing various types of information conveyed by faces including emotion. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we tested the effect of the explicit attention to the emotional expression of the faces on the neuronal activity of the face-responsive regions. Delayed match to sample procedure was(More)
Munc-18/n-Sec1/rbSec1 interacts with syntaxin and this interaction inhibits the association of vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)/synaptobrevin and synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) with syntaxin. Syntaxin, VAMP, and SNAP-25 serve as soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein (SNAP) receptors essential for(More)
The Malachite Green method for determination of inorganic phosphate (Pi) (Itaya K. & Ui, M. (1966) Clin. Chim. Acta 14, 361-366) was modified to measure Pi in the range of 0.2-15 nmol per ml of ATPase reaction mixture. An ATPase reaction mixture is quenched with an equal volume of 0.6 M PCA; the supernatant after centrifugation is mixed with an equal volume(More)
The Rab small G protein family, consisting of nearly 30 members, is implicated in intracellular vesicle trafficking. They cycle between the GDP-bound and GTP-bound forms, and the latter is converted to the former by the action of a GTPase activating protein (GAP). No GAP specific for each Rab family member or Rab subfamily has been isolated in mammal. Here(More)
The basal ganglia represents a key component of the pathophysiological model for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This brain region is part of several neural circuits, including the orbitofronto-striatal circuit and dorsolateral prefronto-striatal circuit. There are, however, no published studies investigating those circuits at a network level in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Obesity is one of the risk factors for liver fibrosis, in which plasma adiponectin, an adipocytokine, levels are decreased. Hepatic stellate cells play central roles in liver fibrosis. When they are activated, they undergo transformation to myofibroblast-like cells. Adiponectin suppresses the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Adipose tissue produces a number of adipocytokines, including adiponectin, leptin, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Obesity, which is associated with low plasma adiponectin levels, is an independent risk factor for various liver diseases including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of(More)
In tobacco cultivars resistant to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), infection results in the death of the infected cells accompanying the formation of necrotic lesions. To identify the genes involved in this hypersensitive reaction, we isolated the cDNA of tobacco DS9, the transcript of which decreases before the appearance of necrotic lesions. The DS9 gene(More)
The third-generation chromosome image analysing system (CHIAS III) was developed by using an ordinary personal computer with public domain imaging software, the NIH Image. An uneven condensation pattern (CP) appearing on small sugarcane chromosomes at the mitotic prometaphase stage was analysed and a quantitative chromosome map or idiogram was developed by(More)