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Nuclear factor κ B (NF-κB) is involved in the pathogenesis of a number of neurodegenerative disorders with neuroinflammation. In order to clarify the role of NF-κB in ALS, immunohistochemical studies with an antibody that recognizes the p65 subunit of NF-κB were performed on the spinal anterior horn of 4 patients with sporadic ALS (sALS), 1 patient with(More)
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by widespread fasciculations, proximal-predominant muscle weakness, and atrophy followed by distal sensory involvement. To date, large families affected by HMSN-P have been reported from two different regions(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence regarding the association between alcohol consumption and the gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) spectrum has been conflicting. We examined the association between alcohol consumption and erosive esophagitis and Barrett's epithelium in Japanese men. METHODS The study population comprised 463 men subjects who had undergone an upper(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous rupture is rare complication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with high mortality rate in cirrhotic cases. The aim of this study was to determine the factors influencing prognosis in cases of spontaneously ruptured HCC and to investigate the outcomes of the treatments employed, especially transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). (More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Liver inflammation is a risk factor for the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the diagnosis of liver inflammation is very difficult and invasive liver biopsy is still the only method to reliably detect liver inflammation. We previously reported that overexpression of CD14 in Kupffer cells may trigger the(More)
A commentary on On the similarity between syntax and actions by Moro, A. In a recent exchange, Moro (2014) and Pulvermüller (2014) reopen a long-standing debate in the language sciences. Ever since the 1975 Royaumont encounter that set the agenda for linguistics and the classical cognitive sciences, generative linguists , whose ultimate goal we take to be(More)
Psychiatric symptom can be a prominent feature early in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), which is also common in autoantibody-mediated limbic encephalitis. We hypothesized that anti-neuronal autoantibodies, especially those against N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptors (NMDAR), can also be associated with CJD. Thirteen patients with CJD and 13 patients(More)
Recently, a hexanucleotide repeat expansion in C9orf72 was identified as the most common cause of both sporadic and familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia in Western populations. We analyzed 563 Japanese patients with ALS (552 sporadic and 11 familial) using fluorescent fragment-length analysis of C9orf72 and repeat-primed(More)
Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) is a diffusible axonal chemorepellent that has an important role in axon guidance. Previous studies have demonstrated that Sema3a(-/-) mice have multiple developmental defects due to abnormal neuronal innervations. Here we show in mice that Sema3A is abundantly expressed in bone, and cell-based assays showed that Sema3A affected(More)