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BACKGROUND Evidence regarding the association between alcohol consumption and the gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) spectrum has been conflicting. We examined the association between alcohol consumption and erosive esophagitis and Barrett's epithelium in Japanese men. METHODS The study population comprised 463 men subjects who had undergone an upper(More)
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by widespread fasciculations, proximal-predominant muscle weakness, and atrophy followed by distal sensory involvement. To date, large families affected by HMSN-P have been reported from two different regions(More)
A commentary on On the similarity between syntax and actions by Moro, A. In a recent exchange, Moro (2014) and Pulvermüller (2014) reopen a long-standing debate in the language sciences. Ever since the 1975 Royaumont encounter that set the agenda for linguistics and the classical cognitive sciences, generative linguists , whose ultimate goal we take to be(More)
It still remains controversial whether simple obesity, as measured by the body mass index (BMI), is an independent risk factor for Barrett's esophagus (BE). Recent studies have shown abdominal obesity, as defined by the waist circumference (WC) and the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), to be a risk factor for BE, independent of the BMI, with the association between(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic factors as well as environmental factors are important in the development of NAFLD and in this study we investigated associations between polymorphisms of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1alpha polymorphism (PPARGC1A) and NAFLD. AIMS We recruited 115 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD, 65 with NASH and 50(More)
BACKGROUND The changes in the liver in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) range over a wide spectrum, extending from steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH). However it has remained difficult to differentiate between NASH and non-progressive NAFLD on the basis of the clinical findings alone. AIMS In this study we investigated the clinical usefulness of(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous rupture is rare complication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with high mortality rate in cirrhotic cases. The aim of this study was to determine the factors influencing prognosis in cases of spontaneously ruptured HCC and to investigate the outcomes of the treatments employed, especially transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). (More)
BACKGROUND A reliable and inexpensive noninvasive marker of hepatic fibrosis is required in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). FIB4 index (based on age, aspartate aminotransferase [AST] and alanine aminotransferase [ALT] levels, and platelet counts) is expected to be useful for evaluating hepatic fibrosis. We validated the performance(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS There are few reports on the correlation between chewing gum and the gastrointestinal functions. But previous report showed use of chewing gum to be an effective method for controlling gastrointestinal symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between chewing gum and gastric emptying using the continuous real time(More)