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To clarify the roles of neurotrophins and their receptors in bone formation, expression of neurotrophins and their receptors (TRK) in a model of mouse fracture healing was investigated. A total of 120 male ICR mice were studied. The right eighth rib of 70 mice was fractured. For sham operation as a control, the right eighth rib of 50 mice was similarly(More)
BACKGROUND Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) predominantly is expressed in hypertrophic chondrocytes and its specific receptors are demonstrated on chondrocytic cells. Therefore, CTGF may be involved in the proliferation and/or differentiation of cartilage cells. In the current study, CTGF expression was examined both in chondrosarcoma and enchondroma(More)
To investigate the localization and expression of connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24/CCN family member 2 (CTGF/Hcs24/CCN2) during distraction osteogenesis in the rat femur, we studied a total of 54 male rats (11 weeks old). We performed osteotomy in the midshaft of the right femur. After 7 days (lag phase),(More)
Localization and expression of connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24) during fracture healing in mouse ribs were investigated. In situ hybridization demonstrated that CTGF/Hcs24 mRNA was remarkably expressed, especially in hypertrophic chondrocytes and proliferating chondrocytes, in the regions of(More)
We studied the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting obstacles to reduction in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) by comparing MRI findings with two-directional arthrograms and intraoperative findings. In 36 patients there were 38 DDHs; 23 complete dislocations and 15 residual subluxations. Coronal and transverse sections of(More)
We have devised a combined pillar score (CPS) system, based on the lateral pillar (LP) and the posterior pillar (PP) classifications, together with the age at onset of Perthes' disease, and examined its correlation with prognosis. The correlation coefficient of the Catterall classification, LP, PP, and CPS systems with the Stulberg system was 0.39, 0.52,(More)
CCN family protein 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is a unique molecule that promotes the entire endochondral ossification process and regeneration of damaged articular cartilage. Also, CCN2 has been shown to enhance the adhesion and migration of bone marrow stromal cells as well as the growth and differentiation of osteoblasts; hence, its(More)
A minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis technique using a locking compression plate (LCP) has been used widely in trauma cases. Its advantages are that the MIPO technique does not interfere with the fracture site and thus provides improved biological healing, and that the LCP has excellent angular stability. Its use in bone lengthening, however, has not(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between the changes in the lateral pillar grades and the factors influencing such changes. We reviewed 102 patients with Perthes' disease. Changes were observed in 32 (31%) hips. The percentage of the changes in each treatment group showed significant differences. Patients with extensive involvement(More)
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a rare disease with multiple joint contractures. It is widely believed that bilaterally dislocated hips should not be reduced since movement is satisfactory and open reduction has had poor results. Since 1977 we have performed a new method of open reduction using an extensive anterolateral approach on ten hips in(More)