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Japanese quails have a variety of calling patterns depending on sex and age. Sexually mature adult males emit a characteristic crow which has a frequency-modulated acoustical trill element. Recently we reported that the intercollicular nucleus of the mesencephalon is the vocal neural system for producing the distress call in untreated chick and the crowing(More)
Both agonist and antagonist actions of buprenorphine on isolated preparations were studied. The Ke (equilibrium dissociation constant) values of both naloxone and Mr 2266 [(-)-2-(3-furylmethyl)-5, 9-diethyl-2'-hydroxy-6,7-benzomorphan] against buprenorphine and the ratio of IC50 (concentration of the drug to produce 50% inhibition of the twitch) value of(More)
Whole-cell perforated-patch recording in slices revealed synaptic organization of the intermediate medial hyperstriatum ventrale, a telencephalic region intimately involved in the early learning processes in chicks. Local electrical stimuli elicited excitatory post-synaptic current (EPSC) mediated by monosynaptic activation of glutamate receptors of the(More)
Glucagon-related peptides such as glucagon, glucagon-like peptide-1, and oxyntomodulin suppress food intake in mammals and birds. Recently, novel glucagon-like peptide (GCGL) was identified from chicken brain, and a comparatively high mRNA expression level of GCGL was detected in the hypothalamus. A number of studies suggest that the hypothalamus plays a(More)
Central administration of proglucagon-derived peptides, glucagon, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and oxyntomodulin (OXM), suppresses food intake in both mammals and birds. Recent findings suggest that GLP-1 receptor is involved in the anorexigenic action of OXM in both species. However, mammalian (bovine) OXM was used in chicken studies, even though the(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are pacemaker cells for the spontaneous muscular contractions and neuromodulators that mediate neurotransmission from enteric neurons to smooth muscle cells in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. They express c-Kit, and the antibody for c-Kit (especially ACK2) has been a useful tool for functional and morphological studies.(More)
The persistence of humoral and cellular immunity to varicella-zoster virus (VZV) was evaluated in 60 children and 18 adults immunized with live attenuated VZV vaccine. At a mean of 5 years after vaccination, 93% of children and 94% of adults had IgG antibodies to VZV as determined by ELISA. VZV antibody concentrations were significantly higher at 5 years(More)
Various lines of evidence suggest that appetite-related neuropeptides in the hypothalamus are regulated by adiposity signals such as leptin and insulin in mammals. In the present study, we examined age-dependent changes in the weight of abdominal fat and hypothalamic mRNA levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY, an orexigenic neuropeptide) and proopiomelanocortin(More)
The social isolation intensively induces distress call in neonatal chicks of Japanese quail. The brain regions activated during the isolation were mapped using immunocytochemical detection of c-Fos (the product of immediate early gene c-fos). Fos-like immunoreactivity was observed in a variety of brain regions in isolated chicks that had emitted distress(More)