Koichiro Ueki

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BACKGROUND/METHODS Gliomas are common malignant neoplasms of the central nervous system. Among the major subtypes of gliomas, oligodendrogliomas are distinguished by their remarkable sensitivity to chemotherapy, with approximately two thirds of anaplastic (malignant) oligodendrogliomas responding dramatically to combination treatment with procarbazine,(More)
p16 is involved in a cell cycle regulatory cascade that includes cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (cdk4), cyclin D1, and pRb (retinoblastoma). Alterations of each of these components have been described in primary human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or in GBM cell lines. Because perturbation of any component in this pathway may have similar oncogenic effects, we(More)
The vast majority of glioblastomas have CDKN2A, CDK4, or RB gene alterations that perturb the p16-cdk4-pRb cell cycle regulatory cascade. To explore whether immunohistochemical methods provide an alternative means of assessing this pathway, we studied 25 glioblastomas using a combination of molecular genetic and immunohistochemical assays. Homozygous(More)
We describe the application of the biomolecular interaction (BIA) technique to detection of the interaction between protein (e.g., c-Jun) and DNA (e.g., two AP-1 motifs from bcl-2 promoter), compared with immunohistochemistry (IHC) of c-Jun. The specific binding assay for the interaction of c-Jun and activating protein-1 (AP-1) motifs was performed using a(More)
Exon trapping from a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC 78138) mapping to the 19q13.3 glioma tumor suppressor candidate region yielded two exons that recognized a 3.6-kb transcript on Northern blot. Screening of a human fetal brain cDNA library with these exons identified three novel genes, designated EHD2, EHD3, and EHD4, which are homologous to the(More)
Skeletal asymmetry in patients who undergo orthognathic surgery is frequently associated with postoperative temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders caused by condylar rotation. This study was designed to elucidate the relation between changes in the condylar long axis and TMJ function after bisagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). A total of 42 patients with(More)
Allelic loss of the chromosome 19q arm is a frequent event in human diffuse gliomas, suggesting that it contains a tumor suppressor gene. Recent deletion mapping studies have broadly implicated a 1.6-Mb interval between D19S241E and D19S596, with a limited subset of tumors, suggesting that the region may be as narrow as 150 kb. Focusing on this smaller(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) can be divided into genetic subsets: approximately one-third of GBM, primarily in older adults, have EGFR amplification; another one-third, primarily in younger adults, have TP53 mutation. The majority of GBM also have homozygous deletions of the CDKN2 (p16/MTS1) gene, resulting in cell cycle deregulation and elevated(More)
Allelic loss of chromsome 19q occurs frequently in malignant gliomas, suggesting the presence of a chromosome 19q glioma tumor suppressor gene. Deletion mapping studies have delineated a 3.5 Mb candidate region between D19S219 and HRC. Cloned sequences from the proximal 425 kb of this interval, however, have not shown tumor-specific alterations. To refine(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between temporomandibular joint (TMJ) morphology, including discal tissue and clinical symptoms in class III dentofacial deformity patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-four patients were examined with lateral, frontal and axial cephalograms. They were divided into two groups,(More)