Koichiro Tsukasa

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Pancreatic cancer is a lethal disease due to the high incidence of metastasis at the time of detection. CD133 expression in clinical pancreatic cancer correlates with poor prognosis and metastasis. However, the molecular mechanism of CD133-regulated metastasis remains unclear. In recent years, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been linked to(More)
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by near-universal mutations in KRAS. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which functions downstream of RAS, has divergent effects on stem cells. In the present study, we investigated the significance of the mTOR pathway in maintaining the properties of pancreatic cancer stem cells. The mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin,(More)
CD133-positive pancreatic cancer is correlated with unfavorable survival despite current development of therapy. Slug acts as a master regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) which is the essential process in cancer progression. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Slug in gemcitabine treatment for CD133-positive pancreatic(More)
Introduction. AZD4877 is a potent Eg5 inhibitor that has been shown to have an acceptable tolerability profile in a Phase I study of Western patients with solid tumors. This study was conducted to evaluate the safety, pharmaco-kinetic (PK) profile, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and efficacy of AZD4877 in a Japanese population with solid tumors. Methods. In(More)
Pancreatic cancer is a deadly disease with a poor prognosis. Recently, miRNAs have been reported to be abnormally expressed in several cancers and play a role in cancer development and progression. However, the role of miRNA in cancer stem cells remains unclear. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the role of miRNA in the CD133+ pancreatic cancer cell(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies. The innovative treatments are required and now the cancer stem cells (CSCs) are expected to be an effective target for novel therapies. Therefore we investigated the significance of hedgehog (Hh) signaling in the maintenance of CSC-like properties of pancreatic cancer cells, in order to discover the(More)
OBJECTIVE Communicating the discontinuation of anticancer treatment to patients is a difficult task. The primary aim of this study was to clarify the level of oncologist-reported burden when communicating about discontinuation of an anticancer treatment. The secondary aims were (i) to identify the sources of burden contributing to their levels and (ii) to(More)
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