Koichiro Tsuchiya

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We previously reported that quercetin, a bioflavonoid belonging to polyphenols, inhibited Angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hypertrophy through the inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. However, we recently found that orally administered quercetin appeared in plasma as glucuronide-conjugated forms in rats(More)
BACKGROUND High glucose causes renal cell injury through various signal transduction pathways, including mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases cascades. Big MAP kinase 1 (BMK1), also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5), is a recently identified MAP kinase family member and was reported to be sensitive to osmotic and oxidative stress.(More)
1: Ebselen (2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3[2H]-one) is a selenoorganic compound exhibiting both glutathione peroxidase activity and antioxidant activity. Although it has been reported that ebselen is effective for oxidative stress-induced neuronal damage both in vivo and clinically, the precise mechanisms of the efficacy have not yet been elucidated. Thus,(More)
Inorganic nitrate and nitrite from endogenous or dietary sources are metabolized in vivo to nitric oxide (NO) and other bioactive nitrogen oxides. The nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway is emerging as an important mediator of blood flow regulation, cell signaling, energetics and tissue responses to hypoxia. The latest advances in our understanding of the(More)
Pramipexole, a novel non-ergot dopamine (DA) agonist, has been successfully applied to the treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Although the specific cause of PD remains unknown, recent studies have provided evidence that oxidative stress plays a role in the parthenogenesis of the disease. In the present study, we examined the effect of pramipexole on(More)
In this study, we investigated whether orally administered nitrite is changed to NO and whether nitrite attenuates hypertension in a dose-dependent manner. We utilized a stable isotope of [15N]nitrite (15NO2-) as a source of nitrite to distinguish between endogenous nitrite and that exogenously administered and measured hemoglobin (Hb)-NO as an index of(More)
Reactive oxygen species, generated by reduction-oxidation (redox) reactions, have been recognized as one of the major mediators of ischemia and reperfusion injury in the brain. Reactive oxygen species-induced cerebral events are attributable, in part, to the change in intracellular signaling molecules including mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. Big(More)
Many epidemiologic studies have reported that dietary flavonoids provide protection against cardiovascular disease. Quercetin, a member of the bioflavonoids family, has been proposed to have anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, and anti-hypertensive properties leading to the beneficial effects against cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies demonstrated(More)
We have reported that pharmacological doses of oral nitrite increase circulating nitric oxide (NO) and exert hypotensive effects in Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats. In this study, we examined the effect of a chronic dietary dose of nitrite on the hypertension and renal damage induced by chronic L-NAME administration(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and several other cardiovascular diseases. It is now apparent that ROS induce endothelial cell damage and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth and cardiac remodeling, which are associated with hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart failure, and(More)