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Inorganic nitrate and nitrite from endogenous or dietary sources are metabolized in vivo to nitric oxide (NO) and other bioactive nitrogen oxides. The nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway is emerging as an important mediator of blood flow regulation, cell signaling, energetics and tissue responses to hypoxia. The latest advances in our understanding of the(More)
Iron is an essential trace metal for most organisms. However, excess iron causes oxidative stress through production of highly toxic hydroxyl radicals via the Fenton/Haber-Weiss reaction. Iron storage in the body is reported to be associated with fat accumulation and type 2 diabetes mellitus. We investigated the role of iron in adiposity by using KKAy mice(More)
In this study, we investigated whether orally administered nitrite is changed to NO and whether nitrite attenuates hypertension in a dose-dependent manner. We utilized a stable isotope of [15N]nitrite (15NO2-) as a source of nitrite to distinguish between endogenous nitrite and that exogenously administered and measured hemoglobin (Hb)-NO as an index of(More)
The nongenomic effects of aldosterone have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. Aldosterone-induced nongenomic effects are attributable in part to the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), a classical mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. Big MAP kinase 1 (BMK1), a newly identified MAP kinase,(More)
Hepcidin, a liver-derived iron regulatory protein, plays a crucial role in iron metabolism. It is known that gender differences exist with respect to iron storage in the body; however, the effects of sex steroid hormones on iron metabolism are not completely understood. We focused on the effects of the female sex hormone estrogen on hepcidin expression.(More)
AIM Vascular remodelling is mediated by vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and hypertrophy, both processes of which are linked to medial thickening and fibrosis. Here, we show that hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) expressed in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is involved in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced vascular remodelling in an in vivo(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from l-arginine by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and nitrite and nitrate are believed to be waste forms of NO. We previously reported an enzyme-independent pathway of NO generation from nitrite in acidic conditions. In this study, we show nitrite-derived NO formation in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury using electron(More)
It is known that obese adipose tissues are hypoxic and express hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α. Although some studies have shown that the expression of HIF-1α in adipocytes induces glucose intolerance, the mechanisms are still not clear. In this study, we examined its effects on the development of type 2 diabetes by using adipocyte-specific HIF-1α(More)
We have reported that pharmacological doses of oral nitrite increase circulating nitric oxide (NO) and exert hypotensive effects in Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats. In this study, we examined the effect of a chronic dietary dose of nitrite on the hypertension and renal damage induced by chronic L-NAME administration(More)
Nifedipine is unstable under light and decomposes to a stable nitroso analog, nitrosonifedipine (NO-NIF). The ability of NO-NIF to block calcium channels is quite weak compared with that of nifedipine. Recently, we have demonstrated that NO-NIF reacts with unsaturated fatty acid leading to generate NO-NIF radical, which acquires radical scavenging activity.(More)