Learn More
Cancer chemotherapy for haemodialysis patients has never been established. To elucidate the feasibility of cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy for haemodialysis patients with lung cancer, a dose escalation study was conducted. Five haemodialysis patients with lung cancer were treated with cisplatin and etoposide. A starting dose of 40 mg m(-2) of(More)
Severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by complex precapillary arteriolar lesions, which contain phenotypically altered smooth muscle (SM) and endothelial cells (EC). We have demonstrated that VEGF receptor blockade by SU5416 {3-[(2,4-dimethylpyrrol-5-yl)methylidenyl]-indolin 2-one} in combination with chronic hypoxia causes severe(More)
Severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, whether idiopathic or secondary, is characterized by structural alterations of microscopically small pulmonary arterioles. The vascular lesions in this group of pulmonary hypertensive diseases show actively proliferating endothelial cells without evidence of apoptosis. In this article, we review pathogenetic concepts(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and craniofacial abnormalities such as small maxilla and mandible are common features of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The authors hypothesized that anatomical imbalance between the upper airway soft-tissue volume and the craniofacial size (rather than each alone) may result in pharyngeal airway obstruction during sleep,(More)
Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accompanied with hypoxaemia may induce net protein catabolism and hypoxaemia could be an important trigger of a systemic catabolic response. The aim of this study was to examine the anabolic effects of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) in rats exposed to hypoxia.(More)
A medullary-spinal cord preparation without the pons isolated from the neonatal rat was used to investigate the role of inhibitory neurotransmitters in the respiratory depression induced by hypoxia (hypoxic respiratory depression; HRD). The burst frequency (C(4)-f) and peak amplitudes of the integrated activity of the C(4) roots (integral C(4)) and of the(More)
There is as yet no convincing evidence that acetazolamide, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, is effective in obstructive sleep apnoea. A study was therefore designed to examine the effect of acetazolamide (250 mg/day) on sleep events and ventilatory control during wakefulness in nine patients with the sleep apnoea syndrome. In eight of the nine patients the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Orexin and orexin receptors are present in the CNS. The effects of orexin peptides have been uniformly reported as excitatory, and the posterior hypothalamus containing orexin neurons has been implicated in arousal state control. Therefore, it is probable that the orexin system may have a neuromodulatory effect on arousal states. The aim of(More)
Spectra of spontaneous mutations at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) locus in colon carcinoma cell lines HCT116 and HCT-15 deficient in mismatch repair and displaying mutator phenotypes were determined. HCT116 and HCT-15 cells, respectively, harbour a mutation in the mismatch repair gene hMLH1 and GTBP. The mutation frequency at the(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is associated with rapid decline in lung function, poorer health-related quality-of-life outcomes, and frequent exacerbations, compared to COPD alone. Although the numbers of patients with ACOS have increased, there is little established evidence regarding diagnostic(More)