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RATIONALE Acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a syndrome characterized by pulmonary surfactant accumulation occurring in association with granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor autoantibodies (autoimmune PAP) or as a consequence of another disease (secondary PAP). Because PAP is rare, prior reports were based on limited patient(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated postoperative morbidity, mortality, and the long-term survival for patients with lung cancer who have interstitial lung diseases. METHODS A retrospective chart review of 931 patients with lung cancer who underwent pulmonary resection at Chiba University Hospital between 1990 and 2000 was undertaken. Interstitial lung(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) might play a major role in lipid metabolism by hydrolyzing triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Decreased LPL activity can trigger early inflammatory responses central to atherosclerosis. However, whether repeated apnea-related hypoxemia influences lipid metabolism in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a prosurvival and antiapoptotic role in endothelial cells. SU5416 is the first VEGF receptor 2 inhibitor to enter clinical development for cancer therapy. A phase I/II study of SU5416 has been completed, and the results show that SU5416 is well tolerated in patients with(More)
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a form of pulmonary hypertension caused by non-resolving thromboembolisms of the pulmonary arteries. In Japan, in contrast to Western countries, CTEPH is more prevalent in women. A Japanese multicenter study reported that a form of CTEPH unrelated to deep vein thrombosis is associated with HLA-B⁎5201,(More)
Information concerning the effects of genetic variation between different background strains on hemodynamic, morphometric, and gene expression response to hypoxia would be useful. Three strains of mice were kept in hypoxia and phenotyped followed by gene profiling analysis. Among the variables examined, hematocrit, right heart muscularization, and right(More)
Although many cases of sarcoidosis are self-limiting with spontaneous remission, uncontrolled pulmonary granulomatosis with fibrosis produces intolerable long-term respiratory symptoms in a minority of patients. Individuals with chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis require an alternative therapy to corticosteroidal treatment because of its insufficient(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and craniofacial abnormalities such as small maxilla and mandible are common features of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The authors hypothesized that anatomical imbalance between the upper airway soft-tissue volume and the craniofacial size (rather than each alone) may result in pharyngeal airway obstruction during sleep,(More)
Hepatic steatosis occasionally progresses to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. This study was designed to examine whether non-obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) were prone to develop hepatic steatosis and whether repeated hypoxemia contributed to the progression of steatohepatitis. This study included 83 OSAHS patients and 41(More)
AIMS We evaluated whether pathophysiological events in the brain in sepsis are mediated by ET-1/ETB receptor axis. MAIN METHODS We prepared raw fecal fluid from soft stool of mice. Mice were randomly divided into three groups: pre-PBS+raw fecal fluid group (Sepsis, easy stool method (ESM) group); pre-BQ788+raw fecal fluid group (BQ group); and(More)