Learn More
OBJECTIVE Diet composition alters the metabolic states of adipocytes and hepatocytes in diabetes. The effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibition on adipose tissue inflammation and fatty liver have been obscure. We investigated the extrapancreatic effects of DPP-4 inhibition on visceral fat and the liver. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
The telomere complex must allow nucleases and helicases to process chromosome ends to make them substrates for telomerase, while preventing these same activities from disrupting chromosome end-protection. Replication protein A (RPA) binds to single-stranded DNA and is required for DNA replication, recombination, repair, and telomere maintenance. In fission(More)
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by diminished pancreatic β-cell mass and function. Glucagon-like peptide-1 has been reported to increase islet cell proliferation and reduce apoptosis of β-cells in rodents. In this study, we explored the effect of chronic administration of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor vildagliptin on glucose tolerance, β-cell(More)
Decreased β-cell mass is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, and therapeutic approaches to increase the pancreatic β-cell mass have been expected. In recent years, gastrointestinal incretin peptides have been shown to exert a cell-proliferative effect in pancreatic β-cells. Trefoil factor 2 (TFF2), which is predominantly expressed in the surface epithelium of(More)
BACKGROUND The rate of metabolism in the intestine of oral administered FK506 decreases as FK506 passes on to the lower intestine. In transplant recipients with diarrhea given oral FK506, the main areas for absorption of FK506 shift to the lower intestine, where the ability to metabolize FK506 is weaker. Therefore it is considered likely that when FK506 is(More)
AIM Ezetimibe selectively blocks intestinal cholesterol absorption by inhibiting Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1) and reducing LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). In animals, ezetimibe reversed diet-induced obesity, liver steatosis, and insulin resistance. In humans, its potential effects on liver steatosis and insulin resistance have been suggested. We investigated(More)
Replication protein A (RPA) binds to single-stranded DNA generated during DNA replication and other processes. The roles of RPA in telomere maintenance have been demonstrated in yeasts, but not in telomerase-positive human cells. In this study, we found that expression of mutant RPA70 in human cells caused telomere shortening, suggesting that RPA is(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) promotes bone formation at the gap created by periosteal distraction. STUDY DESIGN A mesh plate was placed subperiosteally in rabbit parietal bones. Following elevation of the mesh plate, rabbit MSCs were administered into the gap. Controls received phosphate-buffered saline(More)
Studies from overseas have indicated that postprandial glucose excursions are predominant in subjects with moderate hyperglycemia, while fasting hyperglycemia become the predominant abnormality with worsening of hyperglycemia; however, few studies have yet investigated the correlation between HbA1c and fasting and/or postprandial hyperglycemia in Japanese(More)
Metal often causes delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions, which are possibly mediated by accumulating T cells in the inflamed skin, called irritant or allergic contact dermatitis. However, accumulating T cells during development of a metal allergy are poorly characterized because a suitable animal model is unavailable. We have previously established novel(More)