Koichiro Nishino

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JARID2 is an accessory component of Polycomb repressive complex-2 (PRC2) required for the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). A role for JARID2 in the recruitment of PRC2 to target genes silenced during differentiation has been put forward, but the molecular details remain unclear. We identified a 30-amino-acid region of JARID2 that mediates(More)
The first cell differentiation event in mammalian embryogenesis segregates inner cell mass lineage from the trophectoderm at the blastocyst stage. Oct-4, a member of the POU family of transcription factors, is necessary for the pluripotency of the inner cell mass lineage. Embryonic stem (ES) cells, which contribute to all of embryonic lineages, express the(More)
Indeed human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are considered to be powerful tools in regenerative medicine. To enable the use of hiPSCs in the field of regenerative medicine, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms of reprogramming during the transformation of somatic cells into hiPSCs. Genome-wide epigenetic modification constitutes a critical(More)
DNA methylation at CpG sequences is involved in tissue-specific and developmentally regulated gene expression. The Sry (sex-determining region on the Y chromosome) gene encodes a master protein for initiating testis differentiation in mammals, and its expression is restricted to gonadal somatic cells at 10.5-12.5 days post-coitum (dpc) in the mouse. We(More)
The Nanog and Oct-4 genes are essential for maintaining pluripotency of embryonic stem (ES) cells and early embryos. We previously reported that DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling underlie the cell type-specific mechanism of Oct-4 gene expression. In the present study, we found that there is a tissue-dependent and differentially methylated region(More)
We previously demonstrated that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac hormone mainly produced in the ventricle, while the major production site of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is the atrium. To assess the pathophysiological role of BNP in ventricular overload, we have examined the gene expression of BNP, In comparison with that of ANP, in a model(More)
BACKGROUND DNA methylation is involved in many gene functions such as gene-silencing, X-inactivation, imprinting and stability of the gene. We recently found that some CpG islands had a tissue-dependent and differentially methylated region (T-DMR) in normal tissues, raising the possibility that there may be more CpG islands capable of differential(More)
BACKGROUND Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are currently used as powerful resources in regenerative medicine. During very early developmental stages, DNA methylation decreases to an overall low level at the blastocyst stage, from which embryonic stem cells are derived. Therefore, pluripotent stem cells, such as ES and iPS cells, are considered to(More)
Methylation of DNA is involved in tissue-specific gene control, and establishment of DNA methylation pattern in the genome is thought to be essential for embryonic development. Three isoforms of Dnmt1 (DNA methyltransferase 1) transcripts, Dnmt1s, Dnmt1o, and Dnmt1p, are produced by alternative usage of multiple first exons. Dnmt1s is expressed in somatic(More)
Homologous and site-specific DNA recombination has revolutionized genetic engineering. The reliability of recombinases such as Cre and FLP has allowed scientists to design complex strategies to study gene function in mammals. However, the retention of recombination sites in the genome limits the use of Cre and FLP recombinases in subsequent modifications.(More)