Koichiro Azuma

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OBJECTIVE In obesity and type 2 diabetes, exercise combined with weight loss increases skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity. It remains unclear whether mitochondrial capacity increases because of weight loss, improvements in insulin resistance, or physical training. In this study, we examined the effects of an intervention of weight loss induced by diet(More)
Insulin resistance in skeletal muscle in obesity and T2DM is associated with reduced muscle oxidative capacity, reduced expression in nuclear genes responsible for oxidative metabolism, and reduced activity of mitochondrial electron transport chain. The presented study was undertaken to analyze mitochondrial content and mitochondrial enzyme profile in(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistin is associated with insulin resistance in mice and may play a similar role in humans. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship of serum resistin level to body composition, insulin resistance, and related obesity phenotypes in humans. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Sixty-four young (age 32 +/- 10 years), obese (BMI 32.9 +/-(More)
OBJECTIVES Resistin, an adipocyte-secreted cytokine recently discovered in mice, has been proposed as a link between obesity and diabetes. We analyzed resistin gene polymorphisms and examined their association with serum resistin level and obesity phenotypes in humans. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Sixty young, obese, non-diabetic subjects taking no medication(More)
OBJECTIVE Reduced mitochondrial capacity in skeletal muscle occurs in type 2 diabetic patients and in those at increased risk for this disorder, but the extent to which mitochondrial dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients is remediable by physical activity and weight loss intervention is uncertain. We sought to address whether an intervention of daily(More)
Insulin resistance (IR) is typically more severe in obese individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) than in similarly obese non-diabetics but whether there are group differences in body composition and whether such differences contribute to the more severe IR of T2DM is uncertain. DEXA and regional CT imaging were conducted to assess adipose tissue (AT)(More)
There are fewer mitochondria and a reduced oxidative capacity in skeletal muscle in obesity. Moderate-intensity physical activity combined with weight loss increase oxidative enzyme activity in obese sedentary adults; however, this adaptation occurs without a significant increase in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is unlike the classic pattern of(More)
It is unclear whether combined leg and arm high-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves fitness and morphological characteristics equal to those of leg-based HIIT programs. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of HIIT using leg-cycling (LC) and arm-cranking (AC) ergometers with an HIIT program using only LC. Effects on aerobic capacity and(More)
OBJECTIVE Compared with nondiabetic subjects, type 2 diabetic subjects are metabolically inflexible with impaired fasting fat oxidation and impaired carbohydrate oxidation during a hyperinsulinemic clamp. We hypothesized that impaired insulin-stimulated glucose oxidation is a consequence of the lower cellular glucose uptake rate in type 2 diabetes.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Muscle atrophy is common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a viable treatment for muscle atrophy, there is no evidence about the use of NMES in patients with RA. The purposes of this multiple-patient case report are: (1) to describe the use of NMES applied to the(More)