Koichiro Asano

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In the initiation phase of eukaryotic translation, eIF5 stimulates the hydrolysis of GTP bound to eIF2 in the 40S ribosomal pre-initiation complex, and the resultant GDP on eIF2 is replaced with GTP by the complex nucleotide exchange factor, eIF2B. Bipartite motifs rich in aromatic and acidic residues are conserved at the C-termini of eIF5 and the catalytic(More)
Gcd10p and Gcd14p are essential proteins required for the initiation of protein synthesis and translational repression of GCN4 mRNA. The phenotypes of gcd10 mutants were suppressed by high-copy-number IMT genes, encoding initiator methionyl tRNA (tRNAiMet), or LHP1, encoding the yeast homolog of the human La autoantigen. The gcd10-504 mutation led to a(More)
Translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2) bound to GTP transfers the initiator methionyl tRNA to the 40S ribosomal subunit. The eIF5 stimulates GTP hydrolysis by the eIF2/GTP/Met-tRNA(i)(Met) ternary complex on base-pairing between Met-tRNA(i)(Met) and the start codon. The eIF2, eIF5, and eIF1 all have been implicated in stringent selection of AUG as the start(More)
Adhesion of pollen grains to the stigmatic surface is a critical step during sexual reproduction in plants. In Brassica, S locus-related glycoprotein 1 (SLR1), a stigma-specific protein belonging to the S gene family of proteins, has been shown to be involved in this step. However, the identity of the interacting counterpart in pollen and the molecular(More)
The PRT1, TIF34, GCD10, and SUI1 proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were found previously to copurify with eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) activity. Although TIF32, NIP1, and TIF35 are homologous to subunits of human eIF3, they were not known to be components of the yeast factor. We detected interactions between PRT1, TIF34, and TIF35 by(More)
The mammalian translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3), is a multiprotein complex of approximately 600 kDa that binds to the 40 S ribosome and promotes the binding of methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA. cDNAs encoding 5 of the 10 subunits, namely eIF3-p170, -p116, -p110, -p48, and -p36, have been isolated previously. Here we report the cloning and characterization of(More)
Only five of the nine subunits of human eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) have recognizable homologs encoded in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome, and only two of these (Prt1p and Tif34p) were identified previously as subunits of yeast eIF3. We purified a polyhistidine-tagged form of Prt1p (His-Prt1p) by Ni2+ affinity and gel filtration(More)
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which consists of emphysema and chronic bronchitis, alveolar tissue and/or bronchiolar walls are progressively destroyed. This suggests cell death by necrosis and/or apoptosis although no direct evidence of apoptosis has been reported. It was speculated that the apoptosis-related factors are associated with(More)
eIF5 stimulates the GTPase activity of eIF2 bound to Met-tRNA(i)(Met), and its C-terminal domain (eIF5-CTD) bridges interaction between eIF2 and eIF3/eIF1 in a multifactor complex containing Met-tRNA(i)(Met). The tif5-7A mutation in eIF5-CTD, which destabilizes the multifactor complex in vivo, reduced the binding of Met-tRNA(i)(Met) and mRNA to 40S subunits(More)
Translation initiation factor eIF3 is a large, multisubunit protein complex that plays a central role in the pathway of initiation by promoting the binding of both methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA to the 40S ribosomal subunit. As part of a broad effort to elucidate the structure of eIF3, we have cloned and sequenced the human cDNA encoding the 48-kDa subunit,(More)