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By twelve months of age, infants appear to classify speech sounds only according to the language around them; they have lost the ability to distinguish reliably among possible phonetic contrasts that make no difference in their native language. For example, all infants show categorical perception of ÒlÓ vs. ÒrÓ, but by age one, Japanese children behave as(More)
Working memory (WM) tasks involve several interrelated processes during which past information must be transiently maintained, recalled, and compared with test items according to previously instructed rules. It is not clear whether the rule-specific comparisons of perceptual with memorized items are only performed in previously identified frontal and(More)
BACKGROUND In Japan, growth hormone releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) is clinically used as a diagnostic agent for growth hormone secretion deficiency, but the therapeutic application of GHRP-2 has not been studied in anorexia nervosa. GHRP-2 reportedly exhibits agonistic action for ghrelin receptor and increases food intake. METHODS We administered GHRP-2 to(More)
The methods designed for the repair of a complete cleft lip should not be used to repair an incomplete cleft lip. This results too often in the postoperative drooping of the white lip on the affected side because in most incomplete cleft lips there is more tissue on the cleft side than in complete cleft lip. We present and discuss the refinements we made in(More)
Several EEG studies have reported an early component of the visual evoked potential. However, it is controversial whether this component is cortical or subcortical. Our study has aimed to clarify this problem using MEG and EEG in nine normal volunteers. A total of 4000 stimuli were presented to the monocular visual hemifield through a light-proof(More)
For secondary repair of a bilateral cleft lip deformity with a short columella and defective upper lip, simultaneous correction of the lip and nose is ideal. We perform a nasal repair through a bilateral reverse-U incision and columella elongation using the upper lip. An Abbé flap is then transferred to the upper lip defect. This procedure enables total(More)
A technique is presented for the correction of the whistling deformity of the upper lip, which is commonly seen in patients with repaired bilateral cleft lip. Two opposing transposition flaps based on the central portion of the upper vermilion are used. The shape of these flaps resembles a two-bladed propeller, thus we call the technique the "propeller(More)
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