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Many medicines exist which can cause pruritus (itching) as "serious adverse events." Many severe pruritic conditions respond poorly to histamine H1 receptor antagonists; there is no generally accepted antipruritic treatment. Recently described histamine H4 receptors are expressed in haematopoietic cells and have been linked to the pathology of allergy and(More)
BACKGROUND Isoniazid (INH), a key drug of antituberculosis therapy, is metabolized by arylamine N-acetyltransferase2 (NAT2), cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and glutathione S-transferase (GST). We studied the possible influence of genetic polymorphisms of INH-metabolizing enzymes on serum concentrations of INH and its metabolites, as well as on the incidence(More)
BACKGROUND The nature and severity of menopausal symptoms are highly variable among women. Polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor-beta (ERbeta) gene, such as cytosine-adenine (CA) dinucleotide repeats in intron 5, have been implicated in various diseases. OBJECTIVE We investigated the possible role of a CA dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in intron 5 of(More)
In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of the known oxycoumarins poncitrin (3), osthol (4), and xanthoxyletin (5), newly isolated from Clausena guillauminii (Rutaceae), together with the known carbazoles heptaphylline (1) and 7-methoxyheptaphylline (2) on inducible-nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression induced by lipopolysaccharide(More)
3,4,5-Tricaffeoylquinic acid (TCQA) that is not found in intact plant of lettuce leaves was isolated from the cultured cells. The intact plant produced chicoric acid (dicaffeoyl tartaric acid: L-CCA) as well as chlorogenic acid (3-caffeoylquinic acid: 3-CQA) as the major metabolites. After subculturing of the cells for 40 days, the amount of 3,4,5-TCQA(More)
Recently, the pharmaceutical industry has employed the high-throughput method for the evaluation of cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibition, using a combination of the heterologously expressed enzyme and a fluoregenic substrate. When buprenorphine (BN), a potent mixed agonist-antagonist analgesic, was evaluated by this method, it exhibited potent inhibition of(More)
For the purpose of a side-effect monitoring of isoniazid (INH), we investigated the relationship between the genotypes of drug-metabolizing enzymes involved in INH metabolism and the serum concentrations of INH and its metabolites in 129 tuberculosis patients hospitalizing in the National Hospital Organization Chiba-East Hospital. Genotype distributions of(More)
As a way of alleviating severe constipation in cancer patients taking morphine to relieve pain, effects of Dai-kenchu-to (DKT), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine (Kampo medicine), on gastrointestinal transit in mice or on the isolated guinea pig ileum were studied in special reference to morphine. Without altering the anti-nociceptive effect of(More)
Intrinsic drug resistance occurs in many renal carcinomas and is associated with increased expression of multidrug resistant proteins, which inhibits intracellular drug accumulation. Multidrug resistant protein 1, also known as P-glycoprotein, is a membrane drug efflux pump belonging to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. ABC Sub-family(More)