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This study was performed in order to establish a mouse model that represents the non-obese type 2 diabetes reflecting a majority of diabetic patients among Asian races and to show its pathophysiological profiles. Streptozotocin (STZ) was administered to C57BL/6J mice with or without nicotinamide (120 or 240 mg/kg, STZ/NA120 or STZ/NA240), twice with an(More)
The karyotype and other chromosomal markers as revealed by C-banding and Ag-staining were studied in Lutjanus quinquelineatus and L. kasmira (Lutjanidae, Perciformes). While in latter species, the karyotype was invariably composed of 48 acrocentric chromosomes in both sexes, in L. quinquelineatus the female karyotype had exclusively 48 acrocentric(More)
We have reported that connexin (Cx) 32 gene, a member of gap junction protein family, acts as a tumor suppressor gene in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Of solid tumors, RCC is one of the most chemoresistant cancers, and there is no effective cancer chemotherapy against RCC at present. In this study, we examined if the combination of Cx32-dependent(More)
For the purpose of a side-effect monitoring of isoniazid (INH), we investigated the relationship between the genotypes of drug-metabolizing enzymes involved in INH metabolism and the serum concentrations of INH and its metabolites in 129 tuberculosis patients hospitalizing in the National Hospital Organization Chiba-East Hospital. Genotype distributions of(More)
In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of the known oxycoumarins poncitrin (3), osthol (4), and xanthoxyletin (5), newly isolated from Clausena guillauminii (Rutaceae), together with the known carbazoles heptaphylline (1) and 7-methoxyheptaphylline (2) on inducible-nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression induced by lipopolysaccharide(More)
Changes in the motility time of spermatozoa collected from the testes and the sperm duct of normal and sex-reversed male (XX) rainbow trout in physiological balanced salt solution were examined after incubation in artificial seminal plasmas of various pHs. Although untreated spermatozoa from the sperm duct retained motility for 60–90 s in the balanced salt(More)
Connexin genes expressing gap junction proteins have tumor-suppressive effects on primary cancers with certain cell specificity, but the suppressive effects on metastatic cancers are still conflicting. In this study, we show that connexin32 (Cx32) has a strong tumor-suppressive effect on a human metastatic renal cell carcinoma cell line (Caki-1 cell). Cx32(More)
Sex-specific differences in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics have been reported to have important clinical consequences. In this review, some representative sex-specific differences in absorption and transporters (that is, P-glycoprotein (P-gp)), metabolic processes (that is, those that involve cytochrome P450 (CYP)), clearance (Cl) processes (for(More)
Connexin (Cx) genes have negative growth effects on tumor cells with certain cell specificity. We have previously reported that Cx32 is specifically downregulated in human renal cell carcinoma cell (RCC) lines as well as cancerous regions of kidneys and that the Cx is expressed in the progenitor cells of the carcinoma. However, the precise role of Cx32 in(More)
The chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) is involved in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). Although several studies have reported that 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1α,25(OH)(2)D(3)) suppresses IL-8 production in vitro and in vivo, 1α,25(OH)(2)D(3) has not been demonstrated to be effective in an animal model of ALI. Here, we determined its effects of(More)