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Cyclosporin A, a cyclic undecapeptide, and FK506 are efficient immunosuppressive agents. They also attract attention as effective P-glycoprotein modulators that inhibit P-glycoprotein from binding to anticancer drugs and overcome multidrug resistance. Cyclosporin A itself interacts with a common binding site of P-glycoprotein to which Vinca alkaloids and(More)
Two classes of enzymes, poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase and mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferases, catalyze covalent attachment of multiple or single residues, respectively, of the ADP-ribose moiety of NAD+ to various proteins. In order to find good inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase free of side actions and applicable to in vivo studies, we made a large scale(More)
Membrane-permeable arginine-rich peptides, such as HIV-1 Tat-(48-60), HIV-1 Rev-(34-50), and flock house virus (FHV) coat-(35-49), have been shown to possess the ability to transfect COS-7 cells with luciferase-coding plasmid as efficiently as polyarginine (MW 5000-15 000) and polylysine (MW 9800). Not only these virus-derived cationic peptides but also(More)
We followed 828 nondemented residents of Hisayama Town, Kyushu, Japan, aged 65 years or older (88.3% of the elderly population) for 7 years starting in 1985 in order to determine the type-specific incidence of dementia and its risk factors in the general Japanese population. Only two subjects were lost to the follow-up, during which period 103 subjects(More)
We expressed human MDR1 cDNA isolated from the human adrenal gland in porcine LLC-PK1 cells. A highly polarized epithelium formed by LLC-GA5-COL300 cells that expressed human P-glycoprotein specifically on the apical surface showed a multidrug-resistant phenotype and had 8.3-, 3.4-, and 6.5-fold higher net basal to apical transport of 3H-labeled cortisol,(More)
This article represents the first evidence that the renal secretion of the commonly used drug, digoxin, is mediated by P-glycoprotein. In this study, it was demonstrated that digoxin is a substrate of P-glycoprotein, and the mechanism of a clinically important drug interaction, such as digoxin-quinidine, was elucidated. Human P-glycoprotein was expressed on(More)
The Rad51 protein, which is a homologue of the bacterial RecA protein, is involved in mitotic and meiotic recombination and in repair of double-strand breaks of DNA in yeast. The Rad51 homologue is conserved from yeast to human. In this study, the Rad51 protein was shown to be induced in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) 36 h after phytohemagglutinin(More)
We investigated the localization of non-muscle myosin II isoforms and mono- (at serine 19) and diphosphorylated (at serine 19 and threonine 18) regulatory light chains (RLCs) in motile and non-motile MRC-5 fibroblasts. In migrating cells, myosin IIA localized to the lamella and throughout the posterior region. Myosin IIB colocalized with myosin IIA to the(More)
The MDR1 gene, responsible for multidrug resistance in human cells, encodes a broad specificity efflux pump (P-glycoprotein). P-glycoprotein consists of two similar halves, each half including a hydrophobic transmembrane region and a nucleotide-binding domain. On the basis of sequence homology between the N-terminal and C-terminal halves of P-glycoprotein,(More)