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Carbon monoxide (CO) can arrest cellular respiration, but paradoxically, it is synthesized endogenously by heme oxygenase type 1 (Ho-1) in response to ischemic stress. Ho-1–deficient (Hmox1−/−) mice exhibited lethal ischemic lung injury, but were rescued from death by inhaled CO. CO drove ischemic protection by activating soluble guanylate cyclase and(More)
BACKGROUND Management of native aortic insufficiency (AI) during left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support is challenging. We investigated the occurrence of de novo AI during long-term LVAD support to identify its effect on late clinical and echocardiographic outcomes. METHODS Left ventricular assist devices were implanted in 99 patients with dilated(More)
BACKGROUND Poor survival outcomes for patients with severe heart failure (HF) and the donor shortage for heart transplantation warrant the development of myocardial regenerative therapy. We performed a multicenter, phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous skeletal myoblast sheets (TCD-51073). METHODS AND RESULTS In 3 study sites,(More)
BACKGROUND We studied the long-term outcome of arch aneurysm repair with a long elephant trunk (LET) anastomosed at the base of brachiocephalic artery. METHODS Between 1998 and 2008, 111 patients underwent arch aneurysm repair with LET. A 4-branched graft was sutured to the sinotubular junction, the distal ascending aorta transected, and a LET inserted(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to delineate the effects of the severity of target lesions and their combinations on the occurrence of competitive flow, especially in the composite Y-graft and to establish an optimal strategy for graft arrangement and patient selection. METHODS We reviewed early and late angiograms of 2514 bypass grafts in 601 patients, who(More)
Clinical evidence suggests that head movements may be coupled with oro-facial functions, which are predominantly controlled by somatosensory inputs from the oro-facial area. However, the effects of specific modalities of sensory inputs on the neck muscles' motor activity are still unclear. In the present study, natural pressure stimulation was applied to(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-term outcomes of combined mitral repair and maze procedure for patients with nonrheumatic mitral regurgitation and chronic atrial fibrillation were evaluated. METHODS Between June 1992 and December 2008, 187 patients underwent a combined mitral repair and maze procedure. The mean follow-up period was 7.4 ± 4.3 years. Chordal(More)
OBJECTIVES Left atrial (LA) dimension can predict atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter-based or surgical ablation. Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) may be a surgical option during aortic valve replacement (AVR) and/or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), though consensus regarding patient selection and late outcome is lacking. METHODS We(More)
Heavy mitral annular calcification or severe destruction of the mitral annulus in the setting of mitral valve replacement may result in fatal complications, such as atrioventricular disruption, ventricular rupture, valve dehiscence, and perivalvular leakage. Collar-reinforced mitral valve replacements with xenopericardium have been reported to prevent(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can serve as a source of cardiomyocytes (CMs) to treat end-stage heart failure; however, transplantation of genetically dissimilar iPSCs even within species (allogeneic) can induce immune rejection. We hypothesized that this might be limited by matching the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens between the(More)