Koichi Tan-no

Learn More
Two highly selective mu-opioid receptor agonists, endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2, have been identified and postulated to be endogenous ligands for mu-opioid receptors. Intrathecal (i.t.) administration of endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 at doses from 0.039 to 5 nmol dose-dependently produced antinociception with the paw-withdrawal test. The paw-withdrawal(More)
To understand better which voltage-dependent calcium channels (VGCCs) are involved in nociceptive neurotransmission, we investigated the pharmacological properties and distribution of VGCCs in the mouse spinal cord. A behavioral assay revealed that intrathecal injections of omega-agatoxin TK, omega-agatoxin IVA, omega-conotoxin GVIA, and SNX-482, which(More)
Opioid peptides were analysed in tissue extracts of various brain structures and the pituitary gland from rats sacrificed by microwave irradiation, and compared with peptide levels in tissue extracts from decapitated rats. Dynorphin A, dynorphin B and Leu-enkephalinArg6, derived from prodynorphin, and Met-enkephalinArg6Phe7 from proenkephalin, were(More)
Memory function after olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) was examined in two tasks, namely, step-through passive avoidance task and elevated plus-maze task. OBX mice showed a significant impairment of learning and memory-related behavior on the 7th and 14th day, as measured by passive avoidance task but not elevated plus maze task. The impairment of learning and(More)
A capsaicin test involving peripheral nociception, which produces behaviour similar to that elicited by formalin, is described in mice. Capsaicin was injected subcutaneously (s.c.) into the dorsal surface of a hindpaw and the time the animals spent licking the paw was recorded. Doses of capsaicin of 6.25-1600 ng induced nociception, during a period of 5(More)
The non-peptide NK-1 receptor antagonist, CP 96,345, has been evaluated for antinociceptive activity in two chemical pain models in the mouse. CP 96,345, injected intrathecally (i.t.) 5 min prior to 2.0% formalin, produced significant antinociception in both the early and late phases of the formalin-induced paw licking procedure. Antinociception could also(More)
Intrathecal (i.t.) administration of spermine (0.1-10000 fmol), an endogenous polyamine, produced the behavioural response mainly consisting of biting and/or licking of the hindpaw along with a slight hindlimb scratching directed toward the flank in mice, which peaked at 5-15 min and almost disappeared at 30 min after an injection. The behaviour induced by(More)
AIMS Mood disorders including depression are more common in women than men, particularly in times of lower estradiol levels. In this study, we investigated the effect of estrogen on emotional behavior in mice in a stress environment. MAIN METHODS Female mice were divided into four groups: two groups were ovariectomized (OVX) and two were sham-operated.(More)
We have found that thiamine-deficient (TD) rats show significant impairment of avoidance learning on the 25th day after the start of TD diet, as measured by passive-avoidance task. Administration of physostigmine (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) from the 14th day after the start of TD diet improved the impairment of avoidance learning to the pair-fed (PF) control level by(More)
Intrathecal (i.t.) injection (between lumbar vertebrae 5 and 6) into mice of a markedly low dose of IL-1alpha (3x10(-4) fmol or 5.4 fg in 5 microl per mouse) induced behaviors involving scratching, biting, and licking of non-stimulated hindpaws. The IL-1-induced behaviors appeared within 10 min of the injection of IL-1alpha, peaked at 20-40 min, and had(More)