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BACKGROUND Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe dystrophic muscle wasting from birth or early infancy with structural brain abnormalities. The gene for FCMD is located on chromosome 9q31, and encodes a novel protein named fukutin. The function of fukutin is not known yet, but is(More)
In recent years, prosopagnosia is defined as the "loss of ability to recognize the well-acquainted persons like the family members by their physiognomy." There are many reports based on this definition. However, from the viewpoint of symptomatology, there are many problems not entirely solved yet. And the mechanism of its manifestation is not clearly(More)
Quantitative EEG data were analyzed statistically with respect to cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen metabolism (CMRO2) measured by positron emission tomography in 47 patients with unilateral cerebral infarction. Relative value of the square root of average power was used as a percentage power fraction (PPF) for each frequency category. Power(More)
We encountered a case of auditory agnosia restricted to environmental sounds, which was associated with the development of bilateral subcortical lesions after suffering a bilateral putaminal hemorrhage. The patient had a history of a putaminal hemorrhage on her left side without any major disability. Three years later, she suffered a putaminal hemorrhage on(More)
Using positron computed tomography (PCT) and the 15O labeled gas steady-state inhalation technique, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), cerebral oxygen consumption (rCMRO2), and oxygen extraction fraction (rOEF) can be measured quantitatively in humans. We quantitatively examined the relationship between focal ischemic lesions and intact regions as(More)
The present study was undertaken to assess age-related changes in the Purkinje's cells in the rat cerebellar cortex. The cellular and nucleolar volumes and the volume percentage of lipofuscin per cytoplasma were measured in six age groups. The number of Purkinje's cells was also counted. The cellular volume of rats aged 18, 24 and 30 months decreased(More)
We describe the case of a 48-year-old left-handed woman with unilateral neglect from a brain infarction in the area of the right basal ganglia and temporo-parieto-occipital lobe. When a Kanji character was dictated to her, she wrote only the right side (tukuri) of the character. When copying a picture from the visual image of a left-right asymmetrical(More)
A 74-year-old man developed aphasia, weakness of the right upper extremity and left limb-kinetic apraxia. Brain MRI showed an infarct in the area supplied by the left middle cerebral artery. Cerebral angiography revealed high grade stenosis with plaques of bilateral proximal internal carotid arteries. The carotid endarterectomy of the left carotid artery(More)