Koichi Sugimoto

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, involved in diverse physiological and pathological processes. Although miRNAs can function as both tumour suppressors and oncogenes in tumour development, a widespread downregulation of miRNAs is commonly observed in human cancers and promotes cellular transformation(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis of various types of cells. Autophagy is emerging as a critical response of normal and cancer cells to environmental changes, but the relationship between TGF-beta signaling and autophagy has been poorly understood. Here, we(More)
Many transformed lymphoma cells show immune-phenotypes resembling the corresponding normal lymphocytes; thus, they provide a guide for proper diagnosis and present promising routes to improve their pathophysiologic understanding and to identify novel therapeutic targets. However, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) of these aberrant immune-phenotypes is(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are versatile regulators of gene expression and undergo complex maturation processes. However, the mechanism(s) stabilizing or reducing these small RNAs remains poorly understood. Here we identify mammalian immune regulator MCPIP1 (Zc3h12a) ribonuclease as a broad suppressor of miRNA activity and biogenesis, which counteracts Dicer, a(More)
Plants receive volatile compounds emitted by neighboring plants that are infested by herbivores, and consequently the receiver plants begin to defend against forthcoming herbivory. However, to date, how plants receive volatiles and, consequently, how they fortify their defenses, is largely unknown. In this study, we found that undamaged tomato plants(More)
BACKGROUND [corrected] Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a common and highly morbid cardiovascular disorder. Diuresis is a major therapy for the reduction of congestive symptoms. However, most diuretics cause hyponatremia, which is a worsening factor of ADHF patients prognosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of(More)
PURPOSE Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL) is closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). To elucidate its pathogenetic role, we examined the expression profiles of EBV-encoded proteins, especially focusing on latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Immunohistochemistry was carried out using clinical samples from ENKL(More)
Checkpoint protein Chk1 has been identified as an Hsp90 client. Treatment with 100 nM geldanamycin (GM) for 24 h markedly reduced the Chk1 amount in Jurkat and ML-1 leukemia cell lines. Because Chk1 plays a central role in G2 checkpoint, we added GM to G2-arrested Jurkat and HL-60 cells pretreated with 50 nM doxorubicin for 24 h. GM slowly released both(More)
AIMS Renal osteodystrophy is the major complication in patients with end-stage renal failure. Oral or intravenous vitamin D3 (D3) is given to these patients, but severe hypercalcaemia sometimes interrupts this therapy. This study was undertaken to determine whether the effectiveness and safety of D3 also depend on its dosing time during a repeated(More)
AIMS RhoA and Rac1 activation plays a key role in endothelial dysfunction. Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a major receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in endothelial cells (ECs). Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has been shown to be involved in atherogenesis. This study was conducted to(More)