Koichi S Kunitake

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Here we describe the cloning and initial characterization of a previously unidentified CRF-related neuropeptide, urocortin II (Ucn II). Searches of the public human genome database identified a region with significant sequence homology to the CRF neuropeptide family. By using homologous primers deduced from the human sequence, a mouse cDNA was isolated from(More)
The corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) family of neuropeptides includes the mammalian peptides CRF, urocortin, and urocortin II, as well as piscine urotensin I and frog sauvagine. The mammalian peptides signal through two G protein-coupled receptor types to modulate endocrine, autonomic, and behavioral responses to stress, as well as a range of peripheral(More)
We present evidence that members of the corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) family assume distinct structures when interacting with the CRF(1) and CRF(2) receptors. Predictive methods, physicochemical measurements, and structure-activity relationship studies have suggested that CRF, its family members, and competitive antagonists such as astressin(More)
The heptahelical receptors for corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), CRFR1 and CRFR2, display different specificities for CRF family ligands: CRF and urocortin I bind to CRFR1 with high affinity, whereas urocortin II and III bind to this receptor with very low affinities. In contrast, all the urocortins bind with high affinities, and CRF binds with lower(More)
The potencies and selectivity of peptide CRF antagonists is increased through structural constraints, suggesting that the resulting ligands assume distinct conformations when interacting with CRF1 and CRF2 receptors. To develop selective CRF receptor agonists, we have scanned the sequence -Gln-Ala-His-Ser-Asn-Arg- (residues 30-35 of(More)
Type II activin receptors (ActRII and ActRIIB) are single-transmembrane domain serine/threonine kinase receptors that bind activin to initiate the signaling and cellular responses triggered by this hormone. Inhibin also binds type II activin receptors and antagonizes many activin effects. Here we describe alanine scanning mutagenesis of the ActRII(More)
The first extracellular domain (ECD-1) of the corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) type 1 receptor, (CRFR1), is important for binding of CRF ligands. A soluble protein, mNT-CRFR1, produced by COS M6 cells transfected with a cDNA encoding amino acids 1--119 of human CRFR1 and modified to include epitope tags, binds a CRF antagonist, astressin, in a(More)
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