Koichi Nonaka

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The biosynthetic gene cluster for the enediyne antitumor antibiotic neocarzinostatin (NCS) was localized to 130 kb continuous DNA from Streptomyces carzinostaticus ATCC15944 and confirmed by gene inactivation. DNA sequence analysis of 92 kb of the cloned region revealed 68 open reading frames (ORFs), 47 of which were determined to constitute the NCS(More)
When antibodies were expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Ogataea minuta, we found that abnormal O mannosylation occurred in the secreted antibody. Yeast-specific O mannosylation is initiated by the addition of mannose at serine (Ser) or threonine (Thr) residues in the endoplasmic reticulum via protein O mannosyltransferase (Pmt) activity. To suppress the(More)
Several peptidyl nucleoside antibiotics that inhibit bacterial translocase I involved in peptidoglycan cell wall biosynthesis contain an aminoribosyl moiety, an unusual sugar appendage in natural products. We present here the delineation of the biosynthetic pathway for this moiety upon in vitro characterization of four enzymes (LipM-P) that are functionally(More)
Genome analysis of actinomycetes has revealed the presence of numerous cryptic gene clusters encoding putative natural products. These loci remain dormant until appropriate chemical or physical signals induce their expression. Here we demonstrate the use of a high-throughput genome scanning method to detect and analyze gene clusters involved in(More)
Fe(II)- and α-ketoglutarate (α-KG)-dependent dioxygenases are a large and diverse superfamily of mononuclear, non-heme enzymes that perform a variety of oxidative transformations typically coupling oxidative decarboxylation of α-KG with hydroxylation of a prime substrate. The biosynthetic gene clusters for several nucleoside antibiotics that contain a(More)
Muraminomicin is a lipopeptidyl nucleoside antibiotic produced by Streptosporangium amethystogenes SANK 60709. Similar to several members of this antibiotic family such as A-90289 and muraymycin, the structure of muraminomicin consists of a disaccharide comprised of two modified ribofuranose units linked by an O-β(1 → 5) glycosidic bond; however,(More)
This review gives a brief account on the current status of enediyne biosynthesis and the prospective of applying combinatorial biosynthesis methods to the enediyne system for novel analog production. Methods for cloning enediyne biosynthetic gene clusters are first reviewed. A unified paradigm for enediyne biosynthesis, characterized with (a) the enediyne(More)
A-500359s, produced by Streptomyces griseus SANK60196, are inhibitors of bacterial phospho-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide translocase. They are composed of three distinct moieties: a 5'-carbamoyl uridine, an unsaturated hexuronic acid and an aminocaprolactam. Two contiguous cosmids covering a 65-kb region of DNA and encoding 38 open reading frames (ORFs)(More)
Rise and shine: Using a gene-targeting approach aimed at identifying potential L-threonine:uridine-5'-transaldolases that catalyze the formation of (5'S,6'S)-C-glycyluridine, a new bacterial translocase I inhibitor was discovered from an actinomycete following fermentation optimization.