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Central nervous system (CNS) disorders are important targets for gene therapy; however, delivery of therapeutic proteins and/or genes to the brain remains a major challenge due to the difficulty of efficiently delivering viral vectors across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In the present work, we tested the ability of several single-stranded adeno-associated(More)
Neuronal damage in the somatosensory system causes intractable chronic neuropathic pain. Plastic changes in sensory neuron excitability are considered the cellular basis of persistent pain. Non-coding microRNAs modulate specific gene translation to impact on diverse cellular functions and their dysregulation causes various diseases. However, their(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the ubiquitin ligase parkin are the major cause of recessively inherited early-onset Parkinson disease (PD). Impairment of parkin activity caused by nitrosative or dopamine-related modifications may also be responsible for the loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in sporadic PD. Previous studies have shown that viral(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is caused by the abnormal expansion of CAG repeats within the ataxin-3 gene. Previously, we generated transgenic mice (SCA3 mice) that express a truncated form of ataxin-3 containing abnormally expanded CAG repeats specifically in cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs). Here, we further characterize these SCA3 mice. Whole-cell(More)
Using single-stranded adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (ssAAV9) vectors containing the neuron-specific synapsin-I promoter, we examined whether different administration routes (direct cerebellar cortical (DC), intrathecal (IT) and intravenous (IV) injections) could elicit specific transduction profiles in the CNS. The DC injection route robustly and(More)
Epidemiologic studies show a high incidence of cancer in shift workers, suggesting a possible relationship between circadian rhythms and tumorigenesis. However, the precise molecular mechanism played by circadian rhythms in tumor progression is not known. To identify the possible mechanisms underlying tumor progression related to circadian rhythms, we set(More)
Enzyme replacement via the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been shown to ameliorate neurological symptoms in model animals with neuropathic metabolic disorders. Gene therapy via the CSF offers a means to achieve a long-term sustainable supply of therapeutic proteins within the central nervous system (CNS) by setting up a continuous source of transgenic(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding the lysosomal enzyme arylsulfatase A (ASA). In MLD, accumulation of the substrate, sulfated glycoprotein, in the central and peripheral nervous systems results in progressive motor and mental deterioration. Neural progenitor cells are thought to be(More)
To evaluate the role of the deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC) gene in leukemogenesis, we examined loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the DCC gene in 64 primary human leukemias using Southern blot analysis and examined the expression of the DCC gene using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Allelic loss in the DCC gene was(More)
Mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-AFF1 (MLL-AF4)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is associated with poor prognosis, even after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The resistance to graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects may be responsible for the poor effect of allo-HSCT on MLL-AFF1-positive ALL. Cytotoxic effector mechanisms(More)