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BACKGROUND Non-missile traumatic brain injury (nmTBI) without macroscopically detectable lesions often results in cognitive impairments that negatively affect daily life. AIM To identify abnormal white matter projections in patients with nmTBI with cognitive impairments using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI). METHODS DTI scans of(More)
His-to-Asp (His-->Asp) phosphorelay mechanisms are presumably involved in propagation of certain environmental stimuli, including phytohormones, in Arabidopsis thaliana. In addition to the previously characterized His-kinases, namely, the ETR1 family of ethylene receptors, CKI1 cytokinin-sensor, and ATHK1 osomo-sensor, this higher plant has three more(More)
Common histidine-to-aspartate (His-->Asp) phosphorelay is a paradigm of signal transduction in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes for the propagation of certain environmental stimuli, in which histidine (His)-kinases play central roles as sensors for environmental signals. For the higher plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, it was recently suggested that the(More)
Neogenesis of lymphatic vessel and lymphatic invasion is frequently found in the stroma of cancers, but the mechanisms of this phenomenon remain unclear. Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) is known to be the only growth factor for the lymphatic vascular system, and its receptor has been identified as Flt4. To clarify the mechanism of lymphatic(More)
This study was designed to clarify the mechanisms of hypocholesterolemic action of beta-lactoglobuline tryptic hydrolysate (LTH) and to identify the novel hypocholesterolemic peptide derived from LTH by screening using Caco-2 cells and animal studies. Serum and liver cholesterol levels were significantly lower in rats fed LTH than in those fed casein(More)
The label 'chronic fatigue syndrome' (CFS) has persisted for many years because of the lack of knowledge of the aetiological agents and the disease process. In view of more recent research and clinical experience that strongly point to widespread inflammation and multisystemic neuropathology, it is more appropriate and correct to use the term 'myalgic(More)
INTRODUCTION Pancreatic cancer invasion via neural routes (perineural invasion) has been studied extensively, but detailed research on the morphology of innervation of the pancreas related to perineural invasion is scarce. AIMS To clarify the morphology of neural distribution in the human pancreas. METHODOLOGY The pancreas and surrounding structures(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the clinical value of intraoperative peritoneal lavage for cytological examination in patients with gastric cancer. Peritoneal dissemination is the most frequent mode of recurrence for this tumor. METHODS A retrospective of lavage findings, other factors, and outcome was performed in 1,297 patients with gastric cancer who(More)
Ninety percent depancreatized rats received daily intraperitoneal injection of 0.5 g/kg nicotinamide and 0.05 g/kg 3-aminobenzamide, potent inhibitors of islet poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase. One to three months after the partial pancreatectomy, urinary and plasma glucose levels in nicotinamide- and 3-aminobenzamide-treated rats were markedly lower than those(More)
We examined amplification of the c-met, c-erbB-2, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in the patients with primary gastric cancer, and compared the data with clinical features in order to clarify the relationship between oncogenic abnormality and clinical features. Oncogene amplifications were examined by slot blot hybridization using DNAs(More)