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INTRODUCTION The etiology of degenerative disc disease is unknown. Several investigators have reported the presence of proteolytic enzymes, such as the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin-like repeats) families, in degenerated human discs. Glasson and colleagues recently reported that a(More)
Articular cartilage function depends on the molecular composition and structure of its extracellular matrix (ECM). The collagen network (CN) provides cartilage with tensile integrity, but must also remodel during growth. Such remodeling may depend on matrix molecules interacting with the CN to modulate the tensile behavior of cartilage. The objective of(More)
This paper is dealing with a newly developed high current 800A/1200V full SiC module containing SiC MOSFETs and antiparallel SiC Schottky Barrier Diodes in a half bridge configuration. Electrical characteristics and thermal performance are described and compared with Si-based IGBT modules. The dependencies of switching characteristics from specific(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is an often investigated pathophysiological condition because of its implication in causing low back pain. As human material for such studies is difficult to obtain because of ethical and government regulatory restriction, animal tissue, organs and in vivo models have often been used for this purpose. However, there(More)
A cartilage growth mixture (CGM) model is proposed to address limitations of a model used in a previous study. New stress constitutive equations for the solid matrix are derived and collagen (COL) remodeling is incorporated into the CGM model by allowing the intrinsic COL material constants to evolve during growth. An analytical validation protocol based on(More)
Despite the high prevalence of intervertebral disc disease, little is known about changes in intervertebral disc cells and their regenerative potential with ageing and intervertebral disc degeneration. Here we identify populations of progenitor cells that are Tie2 positive (Tie2+) and disialoganglioside 2 positive (GD2+), in the nucleus pulposus from mice(More)
STUDY DESIGN In vitro studies of the effects of proinflammatory cytokines on the production of nerve growth factor (NGF) by human intervertebral disc (IVD) cells. OBJECTIVE To determine the constitutive expression and production of NGF and the effect of cytokines on the expression of NGF by human IVD cells. SUMMARY OF THE BACKGROUND DATA NGF may play a(More)
Diarthrodial joints are freely moveable joints containing synovial fluid (SF) within a connective tissue joint capsule that allows for low-friction and low-wear articulation of the cartilaginous ends of long bones. Biomechanical cues from joint articulation regulate synoviocyte and cartilage biology via joint capsule strain, in turn altering the composition(More)
The aim of this study was to design in vitro growth protocols that can comprehensively quantify articular cartilage structure-function relations via measurement of mechanical and biochemical properties. Newborn bovine patellofemoral groove articular cartilage explants were tested sequentially in confined compression (CC), unconfined compression (UCC), and(More)
STUDY DESIGN The axonal growth potential of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in an organ culture system was investigated. OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of neuronal injury and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on the axonal growth potential of 2 types of nociceptive DRG neurons: nerve growth factor (NGF)-sensitive and glial cell line-derived(More)