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BACKGROUND We have often encountered difficulties in identifying small liver cancers during surgery. Fluorescent imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) has the potential to detect liver cancers through the visualization of the disordered biliary excretion of ICG in cancer tissues and noncancerous liver tissues compressed by the tumor. METHODS ICG had been(More)
One approach to repairing articular defects is to regenerate cartilage by recapitulating the changes that occur during fetal and postnatal growth into adulthood, and to thereby restore functional biomechanical properties, especially those of the normally strong superficial region. The objectives of this study were (1) to characterize and compare tensile(More)
BACKGROUND For safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy, surgeons must possess detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the bile duct and arterial system as seen through a laparoscope. STUDY DESIGN We developed an indocyanine green (ICG) reinjection technique for use in fluorescent angiography. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of the ICG reinjection technique in(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is an often investigated pathophysiological condition because of its implication in causing low back pain. As human material for such studies is difficult to obtain because of ethical and government regulatory restriction, animal tissue, organs and in vivo models have often been used for this purpose. However, there(More)
Despite the high prevalence of intervertebral disc disease, little is known about changes in intervertebral disc cells and their regenerative potential with ageing and intervertebral disc degeneration. Here we identify populations of progenitor cells that are Tie2 positive (Tie2+) and disialoganglioside 2 positive (GD2+), in the nucleus pulposus from mice(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study correlates the mRNA and protein levels of large and small proteoglycans with the morphologic grade of degeneration. OBJECTIVES To investigate changes in mRNA and protein levels of aggrecan, versican, biglycan, decorin and fibromodulin in the anulus fibrosus and the nucleus pulposus at different stages of tissue degeneration. (More)
INTRODUCTION The etiology of degenerative disc disease is unknown. Several investigators have reported the presence of proteolytic enzymes, such as the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin-like repeats) families, in degenerated human discs. Glasson and colleagues recently reported that a(More)
Articular cartilage biochemical composition and mechanical properties evolve during in utero and in vivo growth, with marked differences between fetus, newborn, and young adult. The objectives of this study were to test whether in vitro growth of bovine fetal and newborn calf articular cartilage explants resulted in changes in biochemical and tensile(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) has been evaluated for the intraarticular treatment of osteoarthritis. Such administration of proteins may have limited utility because of their rapid clearance and short half-life in the joint. The fusion of a drug to elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) promotes the formation of aggregating particles that(More)