Koichi Mandai

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Serum levels of circulating intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (cICAM-1) were measured in 23 patients with chronic hepatitis (CH), 22 with liver cirrhosis (LC) and 45 with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using an ELISA. Serum samples from all patients showed significantly higher cICAM-1 levels than serum from 50 normal controls. The cICAM-1 level was(More)
OBJECTIVE Focal ground-glass opacity (GGO) has been detected increasingly by low-dose helical CT. Although focal GGO suggests in situ neoplastic lesion in the peripheral lung, it remains controversial how to manage these lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pathologic and radiologic characteristics of focal GGO in order to develop a(More)
The overexpression of eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), a key regulator of protein synthesis, is involved in the malignant progression of various human cancers. We investigated eIF4E expression in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) and adenocarcinomas of the human peripheral lung. On the basis of the WHO criteria with minor modifications,(More)
A 58-year-old woman complaining of finger tremor was referred to our hospital. The diagnosis of Graves' disease was made based on increased free triiodothyronine (18.88 pg/ml) and free thyroxine (7.47 ng/dl), low TSH (<0.005 microIU/ml) and increased TSH receptor binding antibody activity (70.9%). Serum level of AST (62 U/l) and ALT (93 U/l) were increased(More)
This paper reports a surgically treated case of undifferentiated carcinoma with lymphoid infiltration of the esophagus. Histologically, most of the tumor consisted of undifferentiated carcinoma (non-small cell type) with lymphoid infiltration and a small portion showed features of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Carcinoma with lymphoid(More)
We describe two cases of atypical carcinoid of the thymus. One was an 82-year-old woman with complaints of nonproductive cough and back pain, and the other a 64-year-old woman with no symptoms. Computed tomography scans of the chest in both cases revealed a large mass in the anterior mediastinum. Multiple metastases to bone and liver were also noted in the(More)
BACKGROUND It is planned to start screening mammography throughout Japan in the near future. However, a minimally invasive biopsy procedure for mammographically detected non-palpable breast lesions is not available in almost all Japanese hospitals. It is crucial to develop a useful minimally invasive biopsy method which can be applied without difficulty. (More)
BACKGROUND Ciliated cells in gastrectomies from patients dwelling in the Pacific and Atlantic basins have been reported previously. AIM To compare all the results in an attempt to explain the findings. METHODS Sections from 3406 gastrectomies were reviewed: 1966 and 1440 from the Atlantic and Pacific basins, respectively. Ciliated cells and intestinal(More)
The relationship between preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level and treatment outcome for 39 clinical-stage I patients with surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was retrospectively studied. Serum CEA levels were measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit, with the upper limit of normal defined as 6.7 ng/mL(More)