Learn More
Interstrand cross-links (ICLs) block replication and transcription and thus are highly cytotoxic. In higher eukaryotes, ICLs processing involves the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway and homologous recombination. Stalled replication forks activate the eight-subunit FA core complex, which ubiquitylates FANCD2-FANCI. Once it is posttranslationally modified, this(More)
We previously reported that a lethal dose of monochloroacetate (MCA) causes severe hypoglycemia and lactic acidosis. MCA has been thought to inhibit mitochondrial aconitase; however, the exact effect of MCA on hepatic glucose metabolism is not clear. In this study, we investigated the effects of MCA on liver gluconeogenesis using an isolated perfused rat(More)
Cadmium fluoride (CdF) is commonly used as an insulator for ulta high speed mass telecommunications equipment, and there is a considerable risk that industrial workers will inhale CdF particles. Despite the possibility that acute exposure can cause harmful systemic effects, there are no studies to date that address the health consequences of acute CdF(More)
AIM The Trail Making Test (TMT) is used in Western countries as an indicator of executive function, but there is little information regarding its use in Japan. Our previous initial study showed that the TMT was significantly associated with mobility-related functions among elderly Japanese living in the community and in this study, we increased the number(More)
This study aimed to determine the association between sarcopenia, defined by muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance, and higher-level functional capacity in community-dwelling Japanese elderly people. Subjects were 1158 elderly, community-dwelling Japanese people aged 65 or older. We used bioelectrical impedance analysis to measure muscle(More)
AIM The present study aimed to determine the association of sarcopenia, defined by muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance, with functional disability from a 2-year cohort study of community-dwelling elderly Japanese people. METHOD Participants were 743 community-dwelling elderly Japanese people aged 65 years or older. We used bioelectrical(More)
BACKGROUND Self-rated health (SRH) is reported as a reliable predictor of disability and mortality in the aged population and has been studied worldwide to enhance the quality of life of the elderly. Nowadays, the elderly living alone, a particular population at great risk of suffering physical and mental health problems, is increasing rapidly in Japan and(More)
Chemicals are an essential part of modern manufacture processes. Their use must be managed with great attention in occupational settings to avoid serious detrimental effects to the health of employees. For example, cadmium compounds are indispensable for the production of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries or as chemical stabilizer in plastics. It is an(More)
The pharmacokinetics of boron was studied in rats by administering a 1 ml oral dose of sodium tetraborate solution to several groups of rats (n=20) at eleven different dose levels ranging from 0 to 0.4 mg/100 g body weight as boron. Twenty-four-hour urine samples were collected after boron administration. After 24 h the average urinary recovery rate for(More)
An excess of sodium fluoride (135 mg F/kg body weight) was given in a single oral dose to male Wistar rats. Effects were investigated of fluoride-induced acute kidney intoxication on the time-dependent variations of urine volume. Also, of urinary fluoride ion (F−), α-glutathione-S-transferase (α-GST), N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), and creatinine (CR)(More)