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Rice prolamins, a group of seed storage proteins, are synthesized on the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and form type I protein bodies (PB-Is) in endosperm cells. Rice prolamins are encoded by a multigene family. In this study, the spatial accumulation patterns of various prolamin species in rice endosperm cells were investigated to determine the(More)
Prolamins, a group of rice (Oryza sativa) seed storage proteins, are synthesized on the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and deposited in ER-derived type I protein bodies (PB-Is) in rice endosperm cells. The accumulation mechanism of prolamins, which do not possess the well-known ER retention signal, remains unclear. In order to elucidate whether the(More)
Design is ill-defined and open-ended. Traditional waterfall process models do not support the way in which specifying a design problem and constructing a solution are intertwined. Knowledge required for a design task can neither be completely identified nor formalized before generating a solution that fits the task's changing needs. Integrated,(More)
We previously characterized the l-Ser analog #290, H(tBut)-l-Ser-O-Methyl·HCl, as a novel inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis which functions in both mouse and human cells. Here, we assessed the activity of #290 in animal models of osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment of animals with #290 both prevented bone loss and led to the recovery of lost bone(More)
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