Koichi Kimura

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The small GTPase Rho is implicated in physiological functions associated with actin-myosin filaments such as cytokinesis, cell motility, and smooth muscle contraction. We have recently identified and molecularly cloned Rho-associated serine/threonine kinase (Rho-kinase), which is activated by GTP Rho (Matsui, T., Amano, M., Yamamoto, T., Chihara, K.,(More)
The small guanosine triphosphatase Rho is implicated in myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation, which results in contraction of smooth muscle and interaction of actin and myosin in nonmuscle cells. The guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-bound, active form of RhoA (GTP.RhoA) specifically interacted with the myosin-binding subunit (MBS) of myosin phosphatase,(More)
The small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rho is implicated in the formation of stress fibers and focal adhesions in fibroblasts stimulated by extracellular signals such as lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). Rho-kinase is activated by Rho and may mediate some biological effects of Rho. Microinjection of the catalytic domain of Rho-kinase into serum-starved(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical features of a novel heart syndrome with transient left ventricular (LV) apical ballooning, but without coronary artery stenosis, that mimics acute myocardial infarction, we performed a multicenter retrospective enrollment study. BACKGROUND Only several case presentations have been reported with regard to this syndrome.(More)
Allergic asthma is caused by the aberrant expansion in the lung of T helper cells that produce type 2 (TH2) cytokines and is characterized by infiltration of eosinophils and bronchial hyperreactivity. This disease is often triggered by mast cells activated by immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergic challenge. Activated mast cells release various chemical(More)
Recently a point mutation of guanine to thymine at nucleotide position 1917 in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene has been reported to be associated with coronary artery spasm. In addition, a significant association of the 4a/b polymorphism in intron 4 of the eNOS gene with coronary artery disease has been reported. However, the implications(More)
13S condensin is a five-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in mitotic chromosome condensation. The condensin complex was originally identified and purified from Xenopus egg extracts and shown to have an ATP-dependent positive supercoiling activity in vitro. We report here the characterization of a human condensin complex purified from HeLa(More)
13S condensin is a multisubunit protein complex essential for mitotic chromosome condensation in Xenopus egg extracts. Purified 13S condensin introduces positive supercoils into DNA in the presence of topoisomerase I and adenosine triphosphate in vitro. The supercoiling activity of 13Scondensin was regulated by mitosis-specific phosphorylation.(More)
Small GTPase Rho plays pivotal roles in the Ca2+ sensitization of smooth muscle. However, the GTP-bound active form of Rho failed to exert Ca2+-sensitizing effects in extensively Triton X-100-permeabilized smooth muscle preparations, due to the loss of the important diffusible cofactor (Gong, M. C., Iizuka, K., Nixon, G. , Browne, J. P., Hall, A.,(More)
We developed a new pull-down assay for GTP-Rho and examined its level during cell cycle. HeLa cells were arrested in the S phase by thymidine and were enriched in the prometaphase, metaphase, telophase, and G(1) phase by collecting at 0, 45, 90, and 180 min after the release from the nocodazole arrest, respectively. The level of GTP-Rho did not change(More)