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Blood group P1/P2 is a glycolipid antigen system for which the genetic mechanism has not yet been clarified. We analyzed the potential of the cloned Gb3/CD77 synthase to synthesize P1 antigen, because Gb3/CD77 and P1 share a common structure, Galalpha1,4Galbeta1,4Glc (NAc)-. L cell transfectants with Gb3/CD77 synthase cDNA expressed marginal levels of P1 on(More)
p phenotype individuals lack both P(k) (Gb3) and P (Gb4) glycolipid antigens of the P blood group system. To explore the molecular basis for this phenotype, DNA sequences of Gb3 synthase (alpha1, 4-galactosyltransferase; alpha1,4Gal-T) in six p phenotype individuals from Japan and Sweden were analyzed. A missense mutation P251L and a nonsense mutation(More)
Adoptive cell therapy using tumor-specific T cells is a promising strategy for treating patients with malignancy. However, accumulating evidences have demonstrated that optimal function of tumor-reactive T cells is often attenuated by negative regulatory signal(s) delivered through receptors, such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4), programmed(More)
Coagulation and vascular abnormalities were studied in 4 patients with Crow-Fukase syndrome (CFS or POEMS) to understand the pathophysiology. Fibrinogen, fibrinopeptide A, and thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT) increased in sera during active phase of CFS. In nerves of 2 untreated cases, the endothelium of small vessels was immunohistochemically stained(More)
We injected bupivacaine (BPVC), which produces muscle fiber necrosis, repeatedly into the soleus muscles of mdx mice, which represent a model of human Duchenne muscular dystrophy, over a 12-month period. Cytological and morphometric analysis revealed that the regenerative capacity of repeatedly BPVC-injected mdx muscles was almost equal to that of the(More)
The serum levels of alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT) were studied in 168 patients with various liver diseases and cancers in conjunction with other liver function tests, serum sialic acid, AFP and CEA. The ACT levels in acute viral hepatitis and chronic hepatitis were not significantly altered compared with the normal level (220 +/- 40 microgram/ml), although(More)
  • K Iwamura
  • 1983
Whereas in Europe and North America high alcohol consumption is a very frequent cause of cirrhosis of the liver, im many Asian and African countries hepatitis B virus is the most important etiologic agent. Own observations in 345 patients with liver cirrhosis serve to illustrate the etiologic factors, age, sex and causes of death of this disease in Japan.(More)
  • K Iwamura
  • 1988
No matter whether it is the B type or non-A, non-B type, chronic infection with the hepatitis virus often causes chronic hepatitis, which may ultimately lead to cirrhosis and even hepatocellular carcinoma. From an epidemiological point of view, it was considered that tattooing might be an important mode of transmission of hepatitis virus through tattoo(More)