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We studied the molecular evolution of H gene in four prevalent Asian genotypes (D3, D5, D9, and H1) of measles virus (MeV). We estimated the evolutionary time scale of the gene by the bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method. In addition, we predicted the changes in structure of H protein due to selective pressures. The phylogenetic tree showed that(More)
We have previously reported that o^-adrenoceptor stimulation enhances adenosine-induced coronary vasodilation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that o^-adrcnoceptor activity exerts beneficial effects on myocardial ischemia through augmentation of vasodilatory effects of released adenosine. In open-chest dogs, the left anterior descending(More)
This study was undertaken to elucidate whether cal-adrenoceptor activity is beneficial to contractile dysfunction during reperfusion after a brief period of ischemia (stunned myocar-dium) in 54 open-chest dogs. Contractile dysfunction assessed by fractional shortening (FS) was observed 3 hours after the onset of reperfusion following 15 minutes of complete(More)
BACKGROUND We developed a prediction tool for recurrence and survival in patients with stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC) following surgically curative resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 1983 to December 2012, 113 patients with CRC and synchronous liver and/or lung metastatic CRC were investigated at the Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the urodynamic characteristics of neobladders, we conducted a pressure-flow study in patients with orthotopic urinary reservoirs. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 1986 to 1996, 90 patients underwent bladder replacement following cystectomy, using a right colonic, ileocolic, ileal, or sigmoid colonic segment. The subjects were 38 patients (31(More)
A case of respiratory myoclonus in a 45 year-old male was studied by electromyography. He complained of anorexia, involuntary swinging movement of the thorax and trunk, and epigastric pulsation. Electromyographic studies showed synchronous rhythmic grouped discharges at the of 2 to 3 Hz from the bilateral 8th to 10th intercostal muscles, the right(More)
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