Koichi Fukunaga

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This paper presents an experience with a programming language SPOOL which is based on the combination of object-oriented programming and logic programming. This language inherits the capability of knowledge base organization from object-oriented programming and its expressive power from logic programming. The experience of the application of SPOOL to the(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe illness with excess mortality and no specific therapy. In its early exudative phase, neutrophil activation and accumulation in the lung lead to hypoxemia, widespread tissue damage, and respiratory failure. In clinical trials, inhibition of proinflammatory mediators has not proven effective. In this study, we pursued a new(More)
RATIONALE The interaction of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands often leads to inflammatory processes or tissue injury, although the effect of the blockade of RAGE signaling on lung injury remains to be investigated. OBJECTIVES Using a murine model of lung injury induced by intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we(More)
Respiratory infections with RNA viruses, such as rhinovirus or respiratory syncytial virus, are a major cause of asthma exacerbation, accompanied by enhanced neutrophilic and/or eosinophilic inflammation of the airways. We studied the effects of dsRNA synthesized during RNA virus replication, and of its receptor, TLR3, on the synthesis of eosinophilic(More)
Commensal organisms are frequent causes of pneumonia. However, the detection of these organisms in the airway does not mean that they are the causative pathogens; they may exist merely as colonizers. In up to 50% cases of pneumonia, the causative pathogens remain unidentified, thereby hampering targeting therapies. In speculating on the role of a commensal(More)
BACKGROUND Triple combination therapy involving long-acting muscarinic antagonists long-acting β2 agonists, and inhaled corticosteroids has recently become an option for maintenance treatment of COPD. Some add-on clinical trials have reported the benefits of these combinations. However, the process to step up to triple therapy varies for individual cases.(More)
Neutrophils play a central role in host defense, inflammation, and tissue injury. Recent findings indicate a novel role for polyisoprenyl phosphates (PIPPs) as natural down-regulatory signals in neutrophils. The relationship between PIPPs and neutrophil early activating signals, such as phosphoinositides, has not been previously determined. Here, we(More)
Cigarette smoke (CS) induces oxidative stress, which disables macrophage function. In this study, we examined whether Resolvin E1 (RvE1), a pro-resolving mediator known to enhance macrophage functions, attenuates the damage of macrophages by CS extract (CSE) induced oxidative stress. RvE1 blocked p47phox translocation to plasma membrane induced by CSE in a(More)
Background. Recent clinical trials proven the clinically significant efficacy and tolerability of nivolumab, a programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor, in previously treated patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Case Presentation. Here, we describe the case of a patient who experienced possible "disease flare" immediately after initiation of(More)
BACKGROUND In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection is one of the most difficult types of IRIS to manage. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) has been suggested as a useful tool for(More)