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This report concerns retrospective immunohistochemical and immunoelectron microscopic studies on superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) in intracytoplasmic hyaline inclusions (IHIs) of the anterior horn cells of three patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with posterior column involvement. All of the patients were members of the American "C"(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is considered to be a major factor in protection of nervous tissue against excitotoxic and ischemic/hypoxic lesion. Controversial reports about the localization of SOD after such an insult prompted us to re-investigate immunocytochemically the localization of the enzyme in the brain and spinal cord using specific antibodies(More)
The cellular distribution pattern of cellular glutathione peroxidase (GPx) was analyzed immunocytochemically in the normal rat central nervous system (CNS) and following exposure to the excitotoxin quinolinic acid (Quin). In the normal CNS, GPx was localized predominantly to microglia, identified by staining with isolectin B4 or the monoclonal antibody(More)
Living cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROSs). To protect themselves from these ROSs, the cells have developed both an antioxidant system containing superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and a redox system including peroxiredoxin2 (Prx2, thioredoxin peroxidase) and glutathione peroxidase1 (GPx1): SOD1 converts superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide(More)
A role mutations in the superoxide dismutase (SOD)-1 gene in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been discussed. To investigate immunohistochemical alterations of SOD in the spinal cord affected with the disease, we examined 3 patients with SOD1 mutation-associated family with ALS, 20 patients with sporadic ALS and 10 control(More)
Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1)-like immunoreactivity has been demonstrated in Lewy body-like inclusions (LIs) in brain tissues from patients with familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Using immunocytochemistry, we studied Lewy bodies (LBs), the original inclusions from which the term LI was derived, in five patients with Parkinson(More)
We examined the expressions of the prepro-orexin gene in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), the genes of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in the arcuate nucleus (ARC), the orexin type 1 receptor (OX1R) gene in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH) and the orexin type 2 receptor (OX2R) gene in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN)(More)
To determine the role of advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) in the pathogenesis of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) mutation, we investigated the immunohistochemical localization of N(epsilon)-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML), one of the major AGE structures, in spinal cords from three familial ALS patients with a(More)
To examine the cellular distribution of radical scavenging enzymes in glia, in comparison to that in neurons and their behaviour during excitotoxically induced neurodegenerative processes, protein levels and the cellular localization of cytosolic and mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn- and Mn-SOD) were investigated in the rat brain undergoing(More)
Peroxiredoxin-ll (Prxll) and glutathione peroxidase-l (GPxl) are regulators of the redox system that is one of the most crucial supporting systems in neurons. This system is an antioxidant enzyme defense system and is synchronously linked to other important cell supporting systems. To clarify the common self-survival mechanism of the residual motor neurons(More)