Kohtaro Asayama

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Living cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROSs). To protect themselves from these ROSs, the cells have developed both an antioxidant system containing superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and a redox system including peroxiredoxin2 (Prx2, thioredoxin peroxidase) and glutathione peroxidase1 (GPx1): SOD1 converts superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide(More)
We examined the expressions of the prepro-orexin gene in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), the genes of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in the arcuate nucleus (ARC), the orexin type 1 receptor (OX1R) gene in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH) and the orexin type 2 receptor (OX2R) gene in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN)(More)
Peroxiredoxin-ll (Prxll) and glutathione peroxidase-l (GPxl) are regulators of the redox system that is one of the most crucial supporting systems in neurons. This system is an antioxidant enzyme defense system and is synchronously linked to other important cell supporting systems. To clarify the common self-survival mechanism of the residual motor neurons(More)
This report concerns two patients (female, 9 and 6 years) who were diagnosed with megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS). Although they exceeded the usual life expectancy of patients diagnosed with MMIHS because of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), they demonstrated progressive neurological deficits and showed histopathological(More)
In this study, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in a series of 158 human primary brain tumors was analyzed. To gain some insight into the biological significance of iNOS expression in tumor cells, comparative immunohistochemical analyses were employed to characterize the expression of iNOS, superoxide dismutase (SOD) proteins (SOD1 and(More)
Orexin-A has recently been identified as a new hypothalamic peptide working as a mediator in the regulation of feeding behavior and sleep control. To determine the role of orexin-A in peripheral metabolic processes, we examined direct effects of orexin-A on catecholamine synthesis and secretion in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells. Incubation of cells(More)
We examined the developmental change of GALP mRNA in male and female rat hypothalamus during postnatal day 1 to 60, using in situ hybridization histochemistry. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the hypothalamus were also examined because they are important in the regulation of food intake. GALP mRNA was first detected in the(More)
The present study was designed to determine the plasma level of orexin and its relationship with other metabolic and anthropometric markers in obese children. Forty-seven obese Japanese children, consisting of 31 boys and 16 girls, were enrolled in the study. Their ages were 10.4 ± 0.5 (mean ± s.e.m.) yr, and their percentage overweight was 42.9 ± 1.9%.(More)
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