Kohsuke Nishino

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The U.S. National Toxicology Program has shown clear evidence of carcinogenicity of nickel subsulfide (Ni(3)S(2)) and some evidence of carcinogenicity of NiO (green) in rats. In the present study, DNA damage in cultured cells and in lungs of rats induced by nickel compounds was investigated to clarify the mechanism of nickel carcinogenesis. In cultured HeLa(More)
The senescence-accelerated prone mouse strain 8 (SAMP8) exhibits a remarkable age-accelerated deterioration in learning and memory. In this study, we identified carbonyl modification, a marker of protein oxidation, in liver and brain of SAMP8 from peptide mass fingerprints using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry in combination with LC-MS/MS analysis. Carbonyl(More)
The action of carvedilol, a vasodilating, beta-adrenoceptor blocking agent, against lipid peroxidation has been the subject of many studies, but the results reported thus far are contradictory. In an attempt to define the antioxidant mechanism of carvedilol against lipid peroxidation, the dynamics of the action of carvedilol were studied in several(More)
Probucol is used commercially as an antiatherogenic drug. Bisphenol is formed in vivo as a metabolite of probucol. The structure of bisphenol suggests the antioxidant function but its capacity has not been studied in detail. In the present study, dynamics of the antioxidant action of bisphenol were studied in several model systems and compared with those of(More)
DNA damage in cultured cells and in lungs of rats induced by nickel compounds was investigated to clarify the mechanism of nickel carcinogenesis. DNA strand breaks in cultured cells exposed to nickel compounds were measured by using a pulsed field gel electrophoresis technique. Among nickel compounds (Ni(3)S(2), NiO (black), NiO (green), and NiSO(4)), only(More)
DNA damage by metabolites of a food additive, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), was investigated as a potential mechanism of carcinogenicity. The mechanism of DNA damage by 2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-benzoquinone (BHT-quinone), 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroperoxyl-4-methyl-2,5-cyclohexadienone (BHT-OOH), and 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (BHT-CHO) in the(More)
The tryptophan metabolites 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3-HAA) and 3-hydroxykynurenine (3-HKyn) are carcinogens. DNA damage by 3-HAA and 3-HKyn in the presence of metal ions was investigated as a potential mechanism of their carcinogenicity. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis showed that in the presence of Mn(II), 3-HAA and 3-HKyn induced DNA double-strand(More)
Tributyltin (TBT), an environmental pollutant, debilitates immune responses via induction of apoptosis in CD4(+) T cells through an undefined mechanism of action. Accumulating evidence indicates that the susceptibility of Th1 and Th2 cells to TBT-induced apoptosis differs. In this study, by using HL-60 cell model, we show that hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))(More)
Due to high resting energy expenditure (REE) in maintenance hemodialysis patients, an increase in energy intake is usually recommended to improve their nutritional status. However, some patients appear to have poor appetite and low energy intake. In such patients low energy metabolism is expected. We hypothesized that in maintenance hemodialysis patients(More)
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