Kohsaku Sakaguchi

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BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of early gastric cancer is less invasive than surgical resection, and if technically feasible, it may result in less long-term morbidity than does incisional surgery. However, ESD is technically difficult in patients who have had a previous distal gastrectomy. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to retrospectively(More)
Biliary cannulation is the first step in therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. This study aimed to evaluate unsuccessful cases of biliary cannulation in which the standard procedure was changed to a needle-knife precut papillotomy (NKPP), with particular attention given to postoperative anatomic factors. Between October 2002 and(More)
In contrast to the United States, Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C currently treated with interferon are generally 10 to 15 years older. Older patients, however, tend to experience more frequent adverse events. This study was conducted to clarify the effect of patient age on the efficacy and safety of combination therapy. We consecutively enrolled(More)
OBJECTIVES Serum levels of des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) are known to be useful tumor markers for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to examine the diagnostic efficacy of DCP and AFP in differentiating HCC from chronic liver diseases. METHODS We examined 1,377 HCC patients and 355(More)
Lamivudine is widely used to treat patients with hepatitis B. However, the outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with lamivudine have not been established. This study was conducted to evaluate the outcomes of lamivudine treatment for patients with HCC using an untreated, matched control group. Thirty patients with controlled HCC(More)
This study was conducted to develop a simple surrogate index comprised of routinely available laboratory tests to reflect the histological fibrosis stage. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data from 368 and 249 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis C, a training cohort and a validation cohort, respectively, were retrospectively evaluated.(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with fulminant hepatic failure die before receiving liver transplantation because of the difficulty of pinpointing the suitable timing for liver transplantation. The revised King's College criteria are useful for patients with acetaminophen-related fulminant hepatic failure; however, in those with non-acetaminophen-related fulminant(More)
OBJECTIVE In Caucasian type 1 autoimmune hepatitis patients with a main susceptibility of human leukocyte antigen DR3 and DR4, elderly patients have a higher frequency of concurrent autoimmune disease and cirrhosis at presentation. However, in Japanese patients, the disease is dominantly associated with DR4, and their clinical features may be different from(More)
BACKGROUND The benefit of surveillance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, in terms of long-term survival, has not yet been established. METHODS A total of 384 consecutive anti-HCV-positive HCC patients admitted to our hospital between January 1991 and October 2003 were enrolled. Patients were categorized(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A prospective, non-randomized cohort study on long-term lamivudine treatment, comparing efficacy, drug resistance, and prognosis for various stages of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver disease was performed to elucidate the significance and indication of lamivudine for individual patients at each stage of disease. METHODS A(More)