Kohkichi Hosoda

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are effective post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and are important in many biological processes. Although the oncogenic and tumor suppressive functions of several miRNAs have been characterized, the role of miRNAs in mediating tumor invasion and migration remains largely unexplored. Recently, miR-10b was identified as an(More)
Two cases of germ cell tumors (GCTs) of the basal ganglia are presented and 40 previously reported cases are reviewed. The incidence of GCTs of the basal ganglia and thalamus was estimated as less than 14% of all intracranial GCTs. All patients except for two (95%) were male, aged 7–19 years. The clinical course was usually slow. The major symptoms were(More)
OBJECT Intracranial hemorrhage associated with cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. In the present study the authors evaluated 4494 patients with carotid artery stenosis who had undergone CEA or CAS to clarify the clinicopathological(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but potentially devastating complication after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative measurement of cerebral vasoreactivity (CVR) and intraoperative measurement of internal carotid artery (ICA) flow could identify patients at risk for(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression and contribute to cell proliferation, differentiation and metabolism. Our previous study revealed the extensive modulation of a set of miRs in malignant glioma. In that study, miR microarray analysis demonstrated the upregulation of microRNA-183 (miR-183) in glioblastomas. Therefore,(More)
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a noninflammatory and nonatheromatous arteriopathy that commonly affects the renal and cervical internal carotid arteries and sometimes the vertebral arteries (VAs). The association of FMD with intracranial aneurysms is widely known. The authors describe a rare case of FMD presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the(More)
The diagnosis of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) by radiographical examination is often difficult because of its similarity to other brain tumors. To test whether interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-6 can be used to distinguish PCNSL from other brain tumors that are radiographically similar, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of IL-10 and IL-6 were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but disastrous complication after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between preoperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) abnormalities and postoperative hyperperfusion through the use of statistical brain mapping analysis. METHODS For 41 patients with(More)
A 55-year-old woman presented with a rare xanthogranuloma of the sellar region after complaining of severe headache and visual disturbance 3 months previously. Clinical examination showed she was alert with early signs of bitemporal hemianopsia. Endocrinological examination revealed hypopituitarism. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intrasellar mass(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperperfusion after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been proposed as the main mechanism of intracerebral hemorrhage, which is a disastrous complication. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of cerebral blood flow (CBF) abnormalities for hyperperfusion after CEA with the conventional region of interest (ROI) analysis and(More)