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OBJECTIVE This trial evaluated the effects of casein hydrolysate containing milk-derived peptides, Val-Pro-Pro (VPP) and Ile-Pro-Pro (IPP), on central blood pressure and arterial stiffness. METHODS(More)
Accumulating evidence shows that deterioration of vascular endothelial function underlies the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases following lifestyle-related diseases. Both Val-Pro-Pro (VPP)(More)
Val-Pro-Pro (VPP) and Ile-Pro-Pro (IPP) are antihypertensive tripeptides isolated from milk fermented with Lactobacillus helveticus and inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). We investigated(More)