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Triton X-100-, digitonin- and urea-insoluble ubiquitin conjugates (UC) in the mitochondrial fractions of the gerbil cortex and hippocampus were analysed. In the cortex, following 5 min of forebrain ischemia, UC increased at 30 min of reperfusion and returned to the control level at 24 h. Although chronological changes in UC in the hippocampus were similar(More)
Owing to its aggressiveness and the lack of effective therapies, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has a dismal prognosis. New strategies to improve treatment and survival are therefore urgently required. Numerous fucosylated antigens in sera serve as tumor markers for cancer detection and evaluation of treatment efficacy. Increased expression of(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The clinical utility of computed virtual chromoendoscopy with flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE) in capsule endoscopy (CE) remains controversial. To clarify the clinical utility of FICE-enhanced CE in evaluating small bowel lesions, we quantitatively assessed white light (WL), FICE, and blue mode (BM) images and(More)
Ubiquitin is involved in the degradation of denatured proteins in the recovery process after various stresses. To clarify the different responses of the ubiquitin system in the hippocampal neurons after ischemia, we chose 7.5 min of sublethal forebrain ischemia in the rat. After 7.5 min of ischemia, ubiquitin-like immunoreactivity (UIR) in most of the(More)
The role of the pulpal nerves in the dentinogenesis of the rat dentition was studied experimentally by means of a time marker of lead acetate and by electron microscope after the individual dissection of the trigeminal and cervical sympathetic nerves or both. Following trigeminectomy, the longitudinal growth of the denervated incisor decreased. Contrary to(More)
Aberrant reactivation of hedgehog (Hh) signaling has been described in a wide variety of human cancers including cancer stem cells. However, involvement of the Hh-signaling system in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment during the development of myeloid neoplasms is unknown. In this study, we assessed the expression of Hh-related genes in primary human(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a major inducer of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in different cell types. TGF-β-mediated EMT is thought to contribute to tumour cell spread and metastasis. Sialyl Lewis antigens synthesised by fucosyltransferase (FUT) 3 and FUT6 are highly expressed in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer(More)
The combination of glutamine, fiber and oligosaccharides (GFO) is thought to be beneficial for alleviating gastrointestinal mucosal damage caused by chemotherapy. A commercial enteral supplementation product (GFO) enriched with these 3 components is available in Japan. We performed a retrospective study to test whether oral GFO decreased the severity of(More)
The peripheral course of the axon of the lingual proprioceptive neurons in 5 Japanese monkeys was studied by injecting HRP into the distal part of the hypoglossal nerve through the proximal stump. The present authors confirmed that the HRP-labeled cell bodies appeared ipsilaterally in the C2, C3 and C4 spinal ganglia. The afferents to the C2, C3 and C4(More)
Narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) has been widely used in dermatological phototherapy. As for the application of NB-UVB phototherapy to graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we previously reported that it was highly efficacious for cutaneous lesions of acute GVHD (aGVHD) and that expansion of regulatory T (Treg) cells induced by NB-UVB might be one of the(More)