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PURPOSE The combination of docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1 (DCS) chemotherapy is expected to be a promising regimen for advanced gastric cancer. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant DCS chemotherapy for locally advanced resectable gastric cancer. METHODS Patients with locally advanced gastric cancer received 2 courses(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), iron depletion improves serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels as well as hepatic oxidative DNA damage. However, it has not been determined whether continuation of iron depletion therapy for CHC favorably influences its progression to hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
Owing to its aggressiveness and the lack of effective therapies, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has a dismal prognosis. New strategies to improve treatment and survival are therefore urgently required. Numerous fucosylated antigens in sera serve as tumor markers for cancer detection and evaluation of treatment efficacy. Increased expression of(More)
Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of caspase cascade are both indispensable in Fas-mediated apoptotic signaling. Although ROS was presumed to affect the activity of the caspase cascade on the basis of findings that antioxidants inhibited the activation of caspases and that the stimulation of ROS by itself activated caspases, the(More)
Deregulated Wnt/β-catenin signaling underlies the pathogenesis of a broad range of human cancers, yet the development of targeted therapies to disrupt the resulting aberrant transcription has proved difficult because the pathway comprises large protein interaction surfaces and regulates many homeostatic functions. Therefore, we have directed our efforts(More)
Wnt/β-catenin signaling underlies the pathogenesis of a broad range of human cancers, including the deadly plasma cell cancer multiple myeloma. In this study, we report that downregulation of the tumor suppressor microRNA miR-30-5p is a frequent pathogenetic event in multiple myeloma. Evidence was developed that miR-30-5p downregulation occurs as a result(More)
Several components of the Wnt signaling cascade have been shown to function either as tumor suppressor proteins or as oncogenes in multiple human cancers, underscoring the relevance of this pathway in oncogenesis and the need for further investigation of Wnt signaling components as potential targets for cancer therapy. Here, using expression profiling(More)
UNLABELLED Increased hepatic iron accumulation is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Hepatic iron accumulation, as well as oxidative DNA damage, is significantly increased in NASH livers. However, the precise mechanism of iron accumulation in the NASH liver remains unclear. In this study, 40 cases with a(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a cancer of plasma cells with complex molecular characteristics that evolves from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, a highly prevalent premalignant condition. MM is the second most frequent hematologic cancer in the United States, and it remains incurable, thereby highlighting the need for new therapeutic(More)
Adhesion of myeloma cells to bone marrow stromal cells is now considered to play a critical role in chemoresistance. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism governing cell adhesion-mediated drug resistance (CAM-DR) of myeloma cells. In this study, we focused our interests on the implication of the Wnt signal in CAM-DR. We first screened the(More)