Kohichi Iwatani

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Secretory IgA plays a crucial role in the host immune response as a first line of defense. A recent demonstration of in situ IgA class switching in intestinal lamina propria provided an opportunity to reconsider the model for the homing of IgA-committed B cells characterized by distinctive trafficking patterns to effector sites. Those effector sites depend(More)
1. A water-soluble croconazole glucuronide was isolated from the urine of rabbits dosed intravenously with croconazole, using XAD-2 column chromatography, reversed-phase RP-8 column chromatography and h.p.l.c. 2. beta-Glucuronidase hydrolysis liberated unchanged croconazole from the glucuronide. 3. Secondary ion mass spectra, i.r. and n.m.r. spectroscopic(More)
The nasal mucosa, an important arm of the mucosal immune system, is the first site of contact with inhaled antigens to induce an IgA response. A major aim of this study was to characterize the Th1 and Th2 cytokine expression of mucosal T cells residing in nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) and nasal passages (NP) as IgA inductive and effector sites,(More)
S-8921 (methyl 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-(3-ethylvaleryl)-4-hydroxy-6,7,8-trimeth oxy-2- naphthoate, CAS 151165-96-7) is a novel hypocholesterolemic agent which was found to inhibit ileal Na+/bile acid cotransporter. In this report, the pharmacokinetic profile of S-8921 was studied in rats and dogs. After dosing of 14C-S-8921 to rats at 1 to 25 mg/kg as(More)
1. S-1153, a non-nucleoside agent that is under development in the USA as a new anti-HIV agent, has potent antiviral activity based on the inhibition of reverse transcriptase. 2. S-1153 was incubated with rat liver microsomes and NADPH, and seven metabolites were formed. The main metabolites were identified as the S-oxide, N-oxide and sulphone of S-1153. 3.(More)
The biotransformation of croconazole, a potent new antimycotic agent, was studied in the rabbit. Croconazole was excreted in the urine primarily as conjugates. Most of the radioactive metabolites in the urine could be extracted with organic solvent after hydrolysis with beta-glucuronidase. As many as 16 metabolites in the organic extracts were separated by(More)
In a metabolic experiment of 5-[(2-aminoacetamido)methyl]-1-[4-chloro-2-(o-chlorobenzoyl)phenyl ]-N, N-dimethyl-1H-1,2,4,-triazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride dihydrate (450191-S) in dogs, two new metabolites 8-chloro-6-(o-chlorophenyl)-N-hydroxymethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazolo [1,5-a] [1,4]benzodiazepine-2-carboxamide (M-A) and(More)
1. The metabolism of a peptido-aminobenzophenone (2-o-chlorobenzoyl-4-chloro-N-methyl-N'-glycyl-glycinanilide) (I) was investigated in dogs after oral administration of 50 mg/kg. 2. Metabolites from urine and plasma extracts were identified by g.l.c., t.l.c., and g.l.c.-mass spectrometry. 3. Metabolites identified in the urine were chlorodiazepam (IV),(More)
The constituent amino acids of plusbacins A1-A4 were determined to be two moles of L-trans-3-hydroxyproline and one mole each of D-threo-beta-hydroxyaspartic acid, L-threo-beta-hydroxyaspartic acid, D-allo-threonine, D-serine, D-alanine and L-arginine. In plusbacins B1-B4, one mole of L-trans-3-hydroxyproline is replaced by L-proline. The fatty acid residue(More)