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BACKGROUND Vietnam conducted a measles catch-up supplementary immunization activity (SIA) during 2002-2003 that targeted children 9 months-10 years of age, followed by subnational SIAs targeting persons up to 20 years of age during 2004 and 2007-2008. A measles epidemic began among young adults in October 2008 in the northern region, spread nationwide(More)
We developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect Bordetella pertussis infection. This LAMP assay detected B. pertussis with high sensitivity, but not other Bordetella species. Among nasopharyngeal swab samples from subjects with suspected pertussis, LAMP results showed a high level of agreement with results of conventional PCR.(More)
BACKGROUND Rubella is endemic in Vietnam with epidemics occurring every 4-5 years. In 2011, Vietnam experienced the large nationwide rubella epidemic. During the rubella epidemic, many infants born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) were identified and reported from the neonatal units or cardiology departments of the national hospitals. To understand(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the results from two years of Japanese encephalitis (JE) sentinel surveillance in Cambodia. METHODS Sentinel site surveillance for JE in children aged 15 years and under was implemented in Cambodia in mid-2006. It was integrated into the routine meningoencephalitis surveillance system. Six hospitals were selected as sentinel sites.(More)
INTRODUCTION Countries like Vietnam transitioning to middle-income status increasingly bear the cost of both existing and new vaccines. However, the impact and cost-effectiveness of the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) as a whole has never been assessed on a country level. METHODS Data on vaccine-preventable disease incidence and mortality from(More)
BACKGROUND Vietnam has high endemic hepatitis B virus infection with >8% of adults estimated to have chronic infection. Hepatitis B vaccine was first introduced in the national childhood immunization program in 1997 in high-risk areas, expanded nationwide in 2002, and included birth dose vaccination in 2003. This survey aimed to assess the impact of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine the genotypes of circulating Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of pertussis, in Cambodia by direct molecular typing of clinical specimens. METHODS DNA extracts from nasopharyngeal swabs obtained from 82 pertussis patients in 2008-2016 were analyzed by multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis(More)
In 1988, the World Health Assembly established the goal of global eradication of poliomyelitis by the year 2000, and the Western Pacific Region (WPR) of WHO established the goal of regional eradication by 1995. Countries in the WPR with endemic poliomyelitis include China, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, and the Philippines. Each country has a national plan of(More)
Supported by GAVI Alliance, measles-rubella vaccination was introduced in Vietnam in 2014, involving a mass campaign among 1-14 year olds and routine immunization of children aged 9 months. We explore the impact on the incidence of Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) during 2013-2050 of this strategy and variants involving women aged 15-35 years. We use an(More)
Adverse Events Following Immunization in Viet Nam in 2013 led to substantial reductions in hepatitis B vaccination coverage (both the birth dose and the three-dose series). In order to estimate the impact of the reduction in vaccination coverage on hepatitis B transmission and future mortality, a widely-used mathematical model was applied to the data from(More)
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