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p94, a muscle-specific member of calpain family, is unique in that it undergoes rapid and exhaustive autolysis with a half-life of less than 1 h resulting in its disappearance from muscle. Recently, p94 was shown to be responsible for limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A. To elucidate the muscular proteolytic system mediated by p94 and to solve the(More)
BACKGROUND Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe dystrophic muscle wasting from birth or early infancy with structural brain abnormalities. The gene for FCMD is located on chromosome 9q31, and encodes a novel protein named fukutin. The function of fukutin is not known yet, but is(More)
Quantitative EEG data were analyzed statistically with respect to cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen metabolism (CMRO2) measured by positron emission tomography in 47 patients with unilateral cerebral infarction. Relative value of the square root of average power was used as a percentage power fraction (PPF) for each frequency category. Power(More)
Histopathologic examination was done on 18 cases after percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) for hepatocellular carcinoma. In eight cases, the lesion was treated by PEIT alone; in the other ten cases, PEIT was combined with transcatheter arterial embolization. The lesion was completely necrotic in 13 cases, 90% necrotic in four cases, and 70%(More)
Six male long-distance runners performed knee flexion exercises in a 2.1 T superconducting magnet. 31P MRS was used to investigate the splitting pattern of the inorganic phosphate (Pi) peak during active and passive recovery. During exercise splitting of the Pi peak into two was observed (high and low pH) and after exercise the manner in which the Pi peak(More)
In order to study the mechanism of intracellular sorting and processing of the Alzheimer's disease amyloid precursor protein (APP), we deleted two potential N-linked glycosylation sites of APP by site-directed mutagenesis. Substitution of alanines for the critical asparagine residues Asn467 and Asn496 was performed. Wild-type and mutant APPs were expressed(More)
The influence of the cellular level of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the liver on bile excretion was studied in rats. In ischemia, the cellular ATP level decreased rapidly--and, concomitantly, bile flow stopped within 5 min. Administration of L-ethionine i.p. to rats reduced the bile flow rate with decrease in the cellular ATP level. The correlation(More)
The cellular levels of adenine nucleotides and their metabolites in ischemic rat liver were assayed by high pressure liquid chromatography with high theoretical plate numbers. The method was sensitive enough to measure all the metabolites in about 1 mg of tissue, and to examine changes in their levels in a single liver in ischemia. In ischemia the cellular(More)
OBJECTIVE Sonographically guided percutaneous ethanol injection therapy has been used widely in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, few reports have been published on the results of this treatment in large numbers of patients. Accordingly, we describe our experience with 146 patients who had this treatment. The study is an update of our(More)