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Most organs scale proportionally with body size through regulation of individual cell size and/or cell number. Here we addressed how postmitotic and morphologically complex cells such as neurons scale with the body size by using the dendritic arbor of one Drosophila sensory neuron as an assay system. In small adults eclosed under a limited-nutrition(More)
Neurons develop distinctive dendritic morphologies to receive and process information. Previous experiments showed that competitive dendro-dendritic interactions play critical roles in shaping dendrites of the space-filling type, which uniformly cover their receptive field. We incorporated this finding in constructing a new mathematical model, in which(More)
Developing neurons transiently grow numerous spine- or filopodium-like dendritic protrusions (SLDPs). Electron microscopy on identified input and intracellular staining of postsynaptic cells were performed to gain insight into their significance. Newborn kitten-corticorubral axons, labelled with biocytin, commonly made synapses on SLDP, often multiply(More)
Members of the Flamingo cadherin family are required in a number of different in vivo contexts of neural development. Even so, molecular identities downstream from the family have been poorly understood. Here we show that a LIM domain protein, Espinas (Esn), binds to an intracellular juxtamembrane domain of Flamingo (Fmi), and that this Fmi-Esn interplay(More)
This report describes a male patient who presented with symptoms suggestive of spinocerebellar degeneration and who died of respiratory failure at the age of 7 years but was diagnosed, at autopsy, as having neuronal intranuclear hyaline inclusion disease. Neuronal intranuclear hyaline inclusion disease is a progressive and degenerative disease; diagnosis is(More)
BACKGROUND For the establishment of functional neural circuits that support a wide range of animal behaviors, initial circuits formed in early development have to be reorganized. One way to achieve this is local remodeling of the circuitry hardwiring. To genetically investigate the underlying mechanisms of this remodeling, one model system employs a major(More)
The transcription factors Abrupt (Ab) and Knot (Kn) act as selectors of distinct dendritic arbor morphologies in two classes of Drosophila sensory neurons, termed class I and class IV, respectively. We performed binding-site mapping and transcriptional profiling of these isolated neurons. Their profiles were similarly enriched in cell-type-specific(More)
The development of neuronal class-specific dendrites is a basis for the correct functioning of the nervous system. For instance, tiling of dendritic arbors (complete, but minimum-overlapping innervation of a field) supports uniform reception of input stimuli. Previous studies have attempted to show the molecular and cellular basis of tiling, and it has been(More)
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