Kohei Shimada

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BACKGROUND Perilipin A (PeriA) exclusively locates on adipocyte lipid droplets and is essential for lipid storage and lipolysis. Previously, we reported that adipocyte specific overexpression of PeriA caused resistance to diet-induced obesity and resulted in improved insulin sensitivity. In order to better understand the biological basis for this observed(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS C-peptide reduces renal damage in diabetic patients and experimental animal models. In vitro studies suggest that the renal effects of C-peptide may, in part, be explained by stimulation of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity. However, the responses of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase expression in the kidney of diabetic animals to C-peptide administration remain(More)
In natural environments, bacteria often exist in close association with surfaces and interfaces. There they form "biofilms", multicellular aggregates held together by an extracellular matrix. The biofilms confer on the constituent cells high resistance to environmental stresses and diverse microenvironments that help generate cellular heterogeneity. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND Proinsulin C-peptide shows ameliorative effects on diabetic complications, possibly through the production of nitric oxide (NO). On the contrary, increased local availability of NO and expression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in the renal endothelium are shown to be involved in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study(More)
We investigated the roles of hydrophobic deoxycholic acid (DCA) and hydrophilic ursocholic acid (UCA) in the regulation of the orphan nuclear farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in vivo. Rabbits with bile fistula drainage (removal of the endogenous bile acid pool), rabbits with bile fistula drainage and replacement with either DCA or UCA, and intact rabbits fed 0.5%(More)
The thermogenic function of brown adipose tissue (BAT) is increased by norepinephrine (NE) released from sympathetic nerve endings, but the roles of NPY released along with NE are poorly elucidated. Here, we examined effect of NPY on basal and NE-enhanced thermogenesis in isolated brown adipocytes that express Y1 and Y5 receptor mRNA. Treatment of cells(More)
To characterize the roles of C-peptide in vascular homeostatic processes, we examined the genes regulated by C-peptide in LEII mouse lung microvascular endothelial cells. Treatment of the cells with C-peptide increased the expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) mRNA dose-dependently, accompanied by an increase in JNK1 protein content. Prior(More)
Background: Perilipin A (PeriA) exclusively locates on adipocyte lipid droplets and is essential for lipid storage and lipolysis. Previously, we reported that adipocyte specific overexpression of PeriA caused resistance to diet-induced obesity and resulted in improved insulin sensitivity. In order to better understand the biological basis for this observed(More)
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