Kohei Morioka

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Adiponectin is an adipocyte-secreted protein that is known to modulate insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. A number of genetic variations have been studied. Among them, two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP45T>G, SNP276G>T) showed an association with type 2 diabetes in the Japanese population. In this study, we examined the association between(More)
To investigate the direct relationship of oxidative stress with obesity and insulin resistance in men, we measured the plasma levels of 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) in 14 obese and 17 nonobese men and evaluated their relationship with body mass index; body fat weight; visceral, sc, and total fat areas, measured by computed tomography; and glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between visceral adiposity or triglyceride (TG) metabolism and insulin resistance in metabolically obese, normal weight (MONW) Japanese individuals with normal glucose tolerance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We evaluated body fat areas, lipid profiles, and the glucose infusion rate(More)
OBJECTIVE It is well known that nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is expressed and that it modulates glucose transport in skeletal muscles. Recent studies have shown that adipose tIssues also express inducible and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). In the present study, we investigated whether nitric oxide (NO) induces glucose uptake in adipocytes, and the(More)
To clarify whether homeostasis model assessment (HOMA IR) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) may be indicators of insulin resistance in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, their relationship with the glucose infusion rate during the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp study (clamp IR) was assessed. This study comprised 56(More)
To investigate whether quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) would be useful as an index of insulin resistance during the clinical course of type 2 diabetes mellitus, correlation between QUICKI and the index of the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp study [clamp insulin resistance (clamp IR)] was evaluated in 60 patients with type 2 diabetes(More)
Metformin is thought to decrease blood glucose levels by reducing hepatic glucose output. To elucidate the pharmacological action of metformin on hepatic glucose production, we examined its effect on the gene expression of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase), a key enzyme of gluconeogenesis, in H4IIE rat hepatoma cell line by RT-PCR and quantitative real-time(More)
Hypofibrinolysis is a common finding in patients with diabetes mellitus and a risk factor for diabetic nephropathy. Recently, a new potent inhibitor of fibrinolysis, the thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), has been isolated from human plasma. The possibility that TAFI also participates in the mechanism of hypofibrinolysis has not been(More)
Thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a key modulator of fibrinolysis. We have reported the elevated levels of plasma TAFI and their correlation with visceral fat area and insulin resistance in the patients with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, the expression of TAFI was demonstrated in adipose tissues. Thus, we hypothesized that TAFI secreted(More)