Kohei Kiyoshima

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The antibacterial activity of acyl derivatives of tylosin were examined in vitro and in vivo. The 4"-acyl group in the acylated tylosins enhanced the antibacterial activity and antimycoplasmal activity against some macrolide-resistant strains. The orally administered 3-acetyl-4" -isovaleryltylosin produced a higher blood level in mice and rabbits than(More)
Antibiotics PS-6 and PS-7 which are shown to be 5R,6R-3-(2-acetamido)ethylthio-6-isopropyl-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene- 2-carboxylic acid and 5R,6R-3-(E)-(2-acetamido) vinylthio-6-ethyl-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid respectively, are new beta-lactam compounds isolated from fermentation broths of Streptomyces cremeus subsp.(More)
Essential roles for both the 23-O-mycinosyl and 4''-O-acyl moieties of 4''-O-acyltylosin derivatives in the expression of antimicrobial activity against multiple macrolide-resistant strains of Staphylococci and mycoplasmas were demonstrated by in vitro comparison of the MICs of erythromycin, josamycin, tylosin and its 3- and 4''-O-acyl derivatives,(More)
By microbial transformation of tylosin (I), the following eight new acyl derivatives were obtained: 3-acetyltylosin (II), 3-propionyltylosin (III), 4"-butyryltylosin (IV), 4"-isovaleryltylosin (V), 3-acetyl-4"-butyryltylosin (VI), 3-acetyl-4"-isovaleryltylosin (VII), 3-propionyl-4"-butyryltylosin (VIII) and 3-propionyl-4"-isovaleryltylosin (IX).
Various blocked mutants were isolated from Streptomyces coeruleorubidus ME130-A4 by NTG and UV treatments. Among them, mutant strain 4N-140 produced new anthracycline feudomycins A and B having new aglycones in which the side chain at C-9 position of daunomycinone was ethyl and acetonyl, respectively. New aglycones feudomycinones C and D having methyl at(More)
4''-O-Acyl-, 4''-O-alkyl- and 4''-deoxy-tylosin derivatives were synthesized using 2'-O-acetyl-3'',4''-O-(dibutyl-stannio)tylosin as a synthetic intermediate. The in vitro biological evaluation showed that the new derivatives were active against macrolide-resistant clinical isolates of bacteria and mycoplasmas, and that they were resistant to hepatic(More)