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Measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)) by positron emission tomography (PET) with oxygen-15 labelled carbon dioxide (C(15)O(2)) or (15)O-labelled water (H(2)(15)O), (15)O-labelled carbon monoxide (C(15)O) and (15)O-labelled oxygen(More)
The coupling of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) during physiologic and pathophysiologic conditions remains the subject of debate. In the present study, we have developed a theoretical model for oxygen delivery and metabolism, which describes the diffusion of oxygen at the capillary-tissue interface and the nonlinear nature of(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence points to a role for circulating endothelial progenitor cells, including populations of CD34- and CD133-positive cells present in peripheral blood, in maintenance of the vasculature and neovascularization. Immature populations, including CD34-positive cells, have been shown to contribute to vascular homeostasis, not only as a(More)
Detection of myocardial ischemia by the stress thallium scan has traditionally been performed using transient defect analysis on exercise, followed by redistribution studies. Worsening of the 201Tl myocardial image from exercise to redistribution is referred to as reverse redistribution. In this study, we found reverse redistribution in 10 (21%) of 48(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to evaluate quantitatively the heterogeneity of lung perfusion scans in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) and to compare it with the severity of disease. METHODS Lung perfusion scans were obtained on 22 patients with PPH and 12 age-matched control subjects. The perfused area rates (PARs) were(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to investigate the specific cerebral blood flow (CBF) pattern in patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and a predictive value for shunt responsiveness in a multicenter study (Study of Idiopathic Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus on Neurological Improvement: SINPHONI). METHODS Eighty-four iNPH patients(More)
UNLABELLED SPECT can provide valuable diagnostic and treatment response information in large-scale multicenter clinical trials. However, SPECT has been limited in providing consistent quantitative functional parametric values across the centers, largely because of a lack of standardized procedures to correct for attenuation and scatter. Recently, a novel(More)
A new method has been developed for diffusible tracers, to quantify CBF at rest and after pharmacological stress from a single session of dynamic scans with dual bolus administration of a radiotracer. The calculation process consisted of three steps, including the procedures of incorporating background radioactivity contaminated from the previous scan.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (PWI) is a reliable and semiquantitative method for estimating cerebral hemodynamics. We sought to evaluate the potential of PWI for assessing cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolism compared with positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with chronic occlusive carotid disease. (More)