Kohei Hayashida

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We established six T cell clones specific for pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC)-E2 peptides from four different patients with primary biliary cirrhosis using 33 different peptides of 17-20 amino acid residues corresponding to human PDC-E2 as stimulating antigens. The minimal T cell epitopes of these six T cell clones were all mapped to the same region of(More)
Receptor-mediated endocytosis of oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) by macrophages and the subsequent foam cell transformation in the arterial intima are key events in early atherogenesis. Recently, we have identified a novel macrophage cell-surface receptor for Ox-LDL by expression cloning from a cDNA library of phorbol 12-myristate(More)
Adhesion of bacteria to vascular endothelial cells as well as mucosal cells and epithelial cells appears to be one of the initial steps in the process of bacterial infection, including infective endocarditis. We examined whether lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 (LOX-1), a member of scavenger receptor family molecules with C-type(More)
A new method has been developed for diffusible tracers, to quantify CBF at rest and after pharmacological stress from a single session of dynamic scans with dual bolus administration of a radiotracer. The calculation process consisted of three steps, including the procedures of incorporating background radioactivity contaminated from the previous scan.(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and practical strategy that generates quantitative CBF and OEF maps accurately from PET data sets obtained with 15O-tracers. Sequential sinogram data sets were acquired after the administration of 15O-tracers, and combined single-frame images were obtained. The delay time between sampled input function and(More)
OBJECTIVE When the efficacy of extracranial/intracranial bypass surgery is discussed, can we include the patients with extensive collateral circulation through the bypass and those with poor collateral circulation in the same group? The bypass function should be determined not by the patency of the bypass but by the extent of collateral circulation through(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of direct cerebrovascular reconstruction to prevent intracranial bleeding from the point of view of haemodynamic status, we performed positron emission tomography (PET) studies in 5 adult patients with Moyamoya disease before and after superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis. Regional cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Whether misery perfusion (MP) commonly accompanies brain borderzones (BZs) in patients with major cerebral artery occlusion remains unclear. We elucidated topographic patterns of chronic hemodynamic failure in such patients. METHODS Twenty-four patients with unilateral occlusion or severe stenosis (>75% in diameter) of the internal(More)
Desired/undesired speech discrimination is as important as speech/non-speech discrimination to achieve useful applications such as speech interfaces and teleconferencing systems. Conventional methods of voice activity detection (VAD) utilize the directional information of sound sources to distinguish desired from undesired speech. However, these methods(More)