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We investigated how changes in ventricular contractility and arterial properties associated with exercise influence the energy transmission from the left ventricle to the arterial system. On six chronically instrumented dogs preconditioned to run on a treadmill, we imposed exercise loads of various degrees by altering the speed and slope of the treadmill(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence points to a role for circulating endothelial progenitor cells, including populations of CD34- and CD133-positive cells present in peripheral blood, in maintenance of the vasculature and neovascularization. Immature populations, including CD34-positive cells, have been shown to contribute to vascular homeostasis, not only as a(More)
We established six T cell clones specific for pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC)-E2 peptides from four different patients with primary biliary cirrhosis using 33 different peptides of 17-20 amino acid residues corresponding to human PDC-E2 as stimulating antigens. The minimal T cell epitopes of these six T cell clones were all mapped to the same region of(More)
Receptor-mediated endocytosis of oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) by macrophages and the subsequent foam cell transformation in the arterial intima are key events in early atherogenesis. Recently, we have identified a novel macrophage cell-surface receptor for Ox-LDL by expression cloning from a cDNA library of phorbol 12-myristate(More)
Adhesion of bacteria to vascular endothelial cells as well as mucosal cells and epithelial cells appears to be one of the initial steps in the process of bacterial infection, including infective endocarditis. We examined whether lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 (LOX-1), a member of scavenger receptor family molecules with C-type(More)
A new method has been developed for diffusible tracers, to quantify CBF at rest and after pharmacological stress from a single session of dynamic scans with dual bolus administration of a radiotracer. The calculation process consisted of three steps, including the procedures of incorporating background radioactivity contaminated from the previous scan.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (PWI) is a reliable and semiquantitative method for estimating cerebral hemodynamics. We sought to evaluate the potential of PWI for assessing cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolism compared with positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with chronic occlusive carotid disease. (More)
OBJECTIVE When the efficacy of extracranial/intracranial bypass surgery is discussed, can we include the patients with extensive collateral circulation through the bypass and those with poor collateral circulation in the same group? The bypass function should be determined not by the patency of the bypass but by the extent of collateral circulation through(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and practical strategy that generates quantitative CBF and OEF maps accurately from PET data sets obtained with 15O-tracers. Sequential sinogram data sets were acquired after the administration of 15O-tracers, and combined single-frame images were obtained. The delay time between sampled input function and(More)