Kohei Godai

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Acute inflammation triggered by macrophage infiltration to injured tissue promotes wound repair and may induce pain hypersensitivity. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR)γ signaling is known to regulate heterogeneity of macrophages, which are often referred to as classically activated (M1) and alternatively activated (M2) macrophages. M1(More)
To determine the clinical significance of serum and urinary neopterins in patients with chronic renal disease, we measured these values using IMMUtest Neopterin RIA kits. Serum neopterin levels in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) (10.2 +/- 8.1 nmol/l) and in those with chronic renal failure (CRF) (109 +/- 90) were significantly increased(More)
Macrophage infiltration to inflammatory sites promotes tissue repair and may be involved in pain hypersensitivity. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ signaling is known to regulate polarity of macrophages, which are often referred to as proinflammatory (M1) and antiinflammatory (M2) macrophages. We recently showed that the PPARγ agonist(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage infiltration to inflammatory sites promotes wound repair and may be involved in pain hypersensitivity after surgical incision. We recently reported that the development of hyperalgesia during chronic inflammation is regulated by macrophage polarity, often referred to as proinflammatory (M1) or anti-inflammatory (M2) macrophages.(More)
BACKGROUND Postanesthetic shivering can be triggered by surgical stress and several aspects of anesthetic management and is frequently preceded by a decrease in peripheral blood flow due to thermoregulatory vasoconstriction. As perfusion index correlates with peripheral blood flow, we examined whether perioperative perfusion index, measured using pulse(More)
To elucidate the immunological effects of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), serum and urinary neopterins were measured using the radioimmunoassay in patients with HCC before and after TAE (n = 11), and compared with one shot arterial injection (AI)(n = 8). At the third day after TAE, serum and urinary neopterin(More)
Controlling stress responses associated with ischemic changes due to bleeding and ischemia/reperfusion injury is essential for anesthetic management. Endogenous carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) is produced in the oxidative degradation of heme proteins by the stress-response enzyme heme oxygenase. Although the COHb level is elevated in critically ill patients,(More)
We present a patient with atrial fibrillation (AF) in whom a left atrial (LA) thrombus might have formed during laparotomy despite bridging anticoagulation therapy. No evidence of thrombus was detected by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) at the start of surgery; however, a thrombus measuring 13 × 10 mm was found in the LA appendage by the end of the(More)
The recent study has demonstrated the presence of somatostatin (SRIF) secretory cells in the rat glomerulus. Because of the polyvalent actions of this peptide, SRIF may play some roles in the evolution of chronic renal failure. The present study evaluated the effects of a long acting SRIF analogue, SMS 201-995 on the progression of renal failure in 3/4(More)