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Acute inflammation triggered by macrophage infiltration to injured tissue promotes wound repair and may induce pain hypersensitivity. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR)γ signaling is known to regulate heterogeneity of macrophages, which are often referred to as classically activated (M1) and alternatively activated (M2) macrophages. M1(More)
Macrophage infiltration to inflammatory sites promotes tissue repair and may be involved in pain hypersensitivity. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ signaling is known to regulate polarity of macrophages, which are often referred to as proinflammatory (M1) and antiinflammatory (M2) macrophages. We recently showed that the PPARγ agonist(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage infiltration to inflammatory sites promotes wound repair and may be involved in pain hypersensitivity after surgical incision. We recently reported that the development of hyperalgesia during chronic inflammation is regulated by macrophage polarity, often referred to as proinflammatory (M1) or anti-inflammatory (M2) macrophages.(More)
To determine the clinical significance of serum and urinary neopterins in patients with chronic renal disease, we measured these values using IMMUtest Neopterin RIA kits. Serum neopterin levels in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) (10.2 +/- 8.1 nmol/l) and in those with chronic renal failure (CRF) (109 +/- 90) were significantly increased(More)
Postanesthetic shivering can be triggered by surgical stress and several aspects of anesthetic management and is frequently preceded by a decrease in peripheral blood flow due to thermoregulatory vasoconstriction. As perfusion index correlates with peripheral blood flow, we examined whether perioperative perfusion index, measured using pulse oximetry, might(More)
The recent study has demonstrated the presence of somatostatin (SRIF) secretory cells in the rat glomerulus. Because of the polyvalent actions of this peptide, SRIF may play some roles in the evolution of chronic renal failure. The present study evaluated the effects of a long acting SRIF analogue, SMS 201-995 on the progression of renal failure in 3/4(More)
Controlling stress responses associated with ischemic changes due to bleeding and ischemia/reperfusion injury is essential for anesthetic management. Endogenous carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) is produced in the oxidative degradation of heme proteins by the stress-response enzyme heme oxygenase. Although the COHb level is elevated in critically ill patients,(More)
The chronic effects of SMS 201-995 (SMS), a long-acting somatostatin analog, on the progression of renal failure in 3/4 subtotal nephrectomized rats (NPX) fed high protein meals (40% protein) were investigated. Rats were divided into four groups, [i.e., normal control (C) (n = 6), NPX control (NPX-C) (7), NPX treated with SMS 1.0 micrograms/day (SMS-1.0)(More)
Miller–Dieker syndrome (MDS) is a rare disorder characterized by type I lissencephaly and a distinctive facial appearance that may include prominent forehead, bitemporal hollowing, and micrognathia. MDS is associated with epilepsy. We here report an 18-month-old girl with MDS who required general anesthesia. The child had an extremely low Bispectral Index(More)
We present a patient with atrial fibrillation (AF) in whom a left atrial (LA) thrombus might have formed during laparotomy despite bridging anticoagulation therapy. No evidence of thrombus was detected by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) at the start of surgery; however, a thrombus measuring 13 × 10 mm was found in the LA appendage by the end of the(More)