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Although peptide transport across the plasma membrane has been characterized well in the kidney and the intestine, the functional relevance of this transport in other organs has not been addressed. Here we report the cloning of a cDNA for a novel peptide/histidine transporter found in the rat (rPHT2), whose mRNA is expressed mainly in the lymphatic system.(More)
We have shown that a Mr 37,000 protein whose expression is strongly enhanced in human lung cancer tissues is the subunit of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (GAPDH, EC 1.2.1.12). We have isolated a GAPDH complementary DNA from human lung cancer cells and deduced the complete amino acid sequence of the encoded protein. The structure of the lung cancer GAPDH is(More)
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using a drug-eluting stent (DES) leads to less re-stenosis than PCI using a bare metal stent (BMS), however there is still controversy whether use of a DES for severe coronary disease leads to an acceptable outcome in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). In this study 8159 lesions were treated in 6739 patients (mean(More)
The third nationwide survey for hip fracture incidence was conducted in 1997 following the first such survey in 1987 and the second in 1992. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trends in the incidence and regional distribution of this disease during 10 years. Of 10271 orthopedic institutions in Japan, 4503 were selected as subjects for the(More)
We investigated the E (epithelial)-cadherin gene for mutations and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 24 primary gastric carcinomas (12 differentiated and 12 undifferentiated types, including 3 signet-ring cell carcinomas), as well as 4 gastric carcinoma cell lines of the undifferentiated type (MKN-45, GCIY, HGC-27 and GT3TKB). We utilized PCR-SSCP and RT-PCR(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of castration on hippocampal function, we have investigated synaptic transmission in the castrated male mouse in vivo. We also examined whether administering testosterone can reverse the changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male 12 weeks-old C57BL/6J mice were divided into three experimental groups; sham-castration (Control), the(More)
BACKGROUND There are two distinct phenotypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Asians, manifesting as optic-spinal (OSMS) and conventional (CMS) forms. In Japan, four nationwide surveys of MS have been conducted. The first three were in 1972, 1982, and 1989, and we performed the fourth in 2004. RESULTS The recent survey showed six main findings as follows:(More)
We used 202 cases of stomach cancer and 394 controls nested within the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study For Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC study) to investigate whether family history has an independent effect on the risk of stomach cancer after controlling for the Helicobacter pylori infection. A positive history of stomach cancer in one or more(More)
Intestinal aganglionosis produced by serosal application of 0.1% benzalkonium solution to the colon of the rat was studied electronmicroscopically, and it was concluded that a higher susceptibility to the agent and a lower recovering ability of the nerve elements might be responsible for the phenomenon.
Homomeric rat GABA rho 3 receptors were expressed in Xenopus oocytes, and their pharmacological profile was investigated electrophysiologically. GABA activated the rho 3 receptors with an EC50 value of 7.5 microM and a Hill coefficient of 1.6. The GABA-induced current was not antagonized by bicuculline (100 microM), but was blocked by picrotoxin (IC50: 0.68(More)