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Thymus-derived lymphocytes protect mammalian hosts against virus- or cancer-related cellular alterations through immune surveillance, eliminating diseased cells. In this process, T cell receptors (TCRs) mediate both recognition and T cell activation via their dimeric alphabeta, CD3 epsilon gamma, CD3 epsilon delta, and CD3 zeta zeta subunits using an(More)
Both imperatoxin A (IpTx(a)), a 33-residue peptide toxin from scorpion venom, and peptide A, derived from the II-III loop of dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR), interact specifically with the skeletal ryanodine receptor (RyR1), which is a Ca(2+)-release channel in the sarcoplasmic reticulum, but with considerably different affinities. IpTx(a) activates RyR1(More)
The human Mediator coactivator complex interacts with many transcriptional activators and facilitates recruitment of RNA polymerase II to promote target gene transcription. The MED25 subunit is a critical target of the potent herpes simplex 1 viral transcriptional activator VP16. Here we determine the solution structure of the MED25 VP16-binding domain(More)
G protein-activated inwardly rectifying potassium channel (GIRK) plays crucial roles in regulating heart rate and neuronal excitability in eukaryotic cells. GIRK is activated by the direct binding of heterotrimeric G protein βγ subunits (Gβγ) upon stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors, such as M2 acetylcholine receptor. The binding of Gβγ to the(More)
Recruitment of signaling molecules to the cytoplasmic domains of the CD3 subunits of the T-cell receptor (TCR) is crucial for early T-cell activation. These transient associations either do or do not require tyrosine phosphorylation of CD3 immune tyrosine activation motifs (ITAMs). Here we show that the non-ITAM-requiring adaptor protein Nck forms a complex(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are essential to intracellular signal transduction. MAPKs anchor their pathway-specific substrates through so-called 'docking interactions' at locations distal from the active site. Docking interactions ensure efficient substrate recognition, but their contribution to the kinase reaction itself remains unclear.(More)
Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) is a traditional unsupervised machine learning technique for decomposing a matrix into a set of bases and coefficients under the non-negative constraint. NMF with sparse constraints is also known for extracting reasonable components from noisy data. However, NMF tends to give undesired results in the case of highly(More)
Described here is a set of three-dimensional (3D) NMR experiments that rely on CACA-TOCSY magnetization transfer via the weak ³J(CαCα) coupling. These pulse sequences, which resemble recently described (13)C detected CACA-TOCSY (Takeuchi et al. 2010) experiments, are recorded in (1)H(2)O, and use (1)H excitation and detection. These experiments require(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormal hemodynamic loading often accompanies congenital heart disease both before and after surgical repair. Adaptive and maladaptive myocardial responses to increased load are numerous. This study examined the hypothesis that myocyte loss occurs during compensatory hypertrophic growth in the developing infant myocardium subjected to progressive(More)
The Fourier transform has been the gold standard for transforming data from the time domain to the frequency domain in many spectroscopic methods, including NMR spectroscopy. While reliable, it has the drawback that it requires a grid of uniformely sampled data points, which is not efficient for decaying signals, and it also suffers from artifacts when(More)