Learn More
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction is associated with hypertrophy of surviving myocytes and represents a major process that leads to heart failure. One of the intrinsic histone acetyltransferases, p300, serves as a coactivator of hypertrophy-responsive transcriptional factors such as a cardiac zinc finger protein GATA-4(More)
The mechanisms that lead from obesity to atherosclerotic disease are not fully understood. Obesity involves angiogenesis in which vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) plays a key role. On the other hand, vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) plays a pivotal role in lymphangiogenesis. Circulating levels of VEGF-A and VEGF-C are elevated in(More)
Retrovirus insertion-mediated random mutagenesis was applied in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells to better understand the molecular basis of obesity (the expansion of individual adipocytes). We found that tryptophan hydroxylase-1, a rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of serotonin (5-HT), is expressed in adipocytes and is required for their differentiation. A(More)
Mast cells are believed to be involved in the pathophysiology of heart failure, but their precise role in the process is unknown. This study examined the role of mast cells in the progression of heart failure, using mast cell-deficient (WBB6F1-W/W(v)) mice and their congenic controls (wild-type [WT] mice). Systolic pressure overload was produced by banding(More)
AIMS A significant increase in congestive heart failure (CHF) was reported when the anti-ErbB2 antibody trastuzumab was used in combination with the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (Dox). The aim of the present study was to investigate the role(s) of miRNAs in acute Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. METHODS AND RESULTS Neuregulin-1-ErbB signalling is essential(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, adipose tissue inflammation induced by macrophage infiltration through MCP-1/C-C chemokine receptor-2 (CCR2) pathway is considered to play a role in the development of visceral obesity and insulin resistance. In the present study, to further examine the role of CCR2 in the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes, we studied the effect(More)
Activation-induced cell death in macrophages has been observed, but the mechanism remains largely unknown. Activation-induced cell death in macrophages can be independent from caspases, and the death of activated macrophages can even be triggered by the pan-caspase inhibitor benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone (zVAD). Here, we show that this(More)
BACKGROUND Cholesterol efflux from cells to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) acceptors via the ATP-binding cassette transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1 is thought to be central in the antiatherogenic mechanism. MicroRNA (miR)-33 is known to target ABCA1 and ABCG1 in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the impact of the genetic loss of miR-33 in a mouse model of(More)
A zinc finger protein, GATA4, is one of the hypertrophy-responsive transcription factors and increases its DNA binding and transcriptional activities in response to hypertrophic stimuli in cardiac myocytes. Activation of GATA4 during this process is mediated, in part, through acetylation by intrinsic histone acetyltransferases such as a transcriptional(More)
AIMS Mouse and human fibroblasts can be directly reprogrammed to pluripotency by the ectopic expression of four transcription factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc) to yield induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. iPS cells can be generated even without the expression of c-Myc. The present study examined patterns of differentiation of mouse iPS cells into(More)