Learn More
The p38 signalling transduction pathway, a Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway, plays an essential role in regulating many cellular processes including inflammation, cell differentiation, cell growth and death. Activation of p38 often through extracellular stimuli such as bacterial pathogens and cytokines, mediates signal transduction into the(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, elevation of circulating muscle-specific microRNA (miRNA) levels has been reported in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, it is still unclear from which part of the myocardium or under what conditions miRNAs are released into circulating blood. The purpose of this study was to identify the source of elevated levels of(More)
In epidemiological studies, moderate alcohol consumption has been consistently associated with a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (MI). About half of Japanese show an extremely high sensitivity to alcohol (ethanol), which is due to a missense mutation from glutamic acid (Glu) to lysine (Lys) at codon 487 in an isoenzyme of aldehyde dehydrogenase(More)
GLUT4 shows decreased levels in failing human adult hearts. We speculated that GLUT4 expression in cardiac muscle may be fine-tuned by microRNAs. Forced expression of miR-133 decreased GLUT4 expression and reduced insulin-mediated glucose uptake in cardiomyocytes. A computational miRNA target prediction algorithm showed that KLF15 is one of the targets of(More)
Differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells into cardiac myocytes requires activation of a cardiac-specific gene program. Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) govern gene expression patterns by being recruited to target genes through association with specific transcription factors. One of the HATs, p300, serves as a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between the gene for haeme oxygenase (HO)-1 (HMOX-1) and human essential hypertension, because both the acute and systemic induction of HMOX-1 have been suggested to attenuate vascular tone and blood pressure. METHODS We screened for sequence variations in HMOX-1 and conducted an association study, using these(More)
One of the major manifestations of obesity is an increased production of the adipocyte-derived 16-kDa peptide leptin, which acts mainly on hypothalamic leptin receptors. Leptin receptors are widely distributed in various tissues, including the heart. Whereas increased plasma leptin levels have been reported in patients with congestive heart failure,(More)
Retrovirus insertion-mediated random mutagenesis was applied in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells to better understand the molecular basis of obesity (the expansion of individual adipocytes). We found that tryptophan hydroxylase-1, a rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of serotonin (5-HT), is expressed in adipocytes and is required for their differentiation. A(More)
Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP-2) transcription factor has been identified as a key protein in cholesterol metabolism through the transactivation of the LDL receptor and cholesterol biosynthesis genes. Here, we generated mice lacking microRNA (miR)-33, encoded by an intron of the Srebp2, and showed that miR-33 repressed the expression of(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been suggested to have antiatherogenic properties. This study was designed to examine the relationship between the HO-1 gene (HMOX1) and ischemic heart disease. The study population consisted of 1972 control subjects and 597 subjects with ischemic heart disease (myocardial infarction (MI) n = 393, HMOX1 n = 204). The control(More)